Spanish Archives - Ministry of Culture and Sports - Spanish Government

Person - Gómez Ordoño, Juan José (1886-1969)

Gómez Ordoño, Juan José (1886-1969)

Identification

Type:

Person

Preferred form:

Gómez Ordoño, Juan José (1886-1969)

Dates of existence/Biographical dates:

Linares (Jaén, España)  1886-04-15 - Ciudad de México (México)  1969-05-03

History:

Spanish painter exiled due to the Civil War. By the beginning of the 20th century he moved to Madrid with his mother and his five siblings and started to work as a carpenter, painter and stucco worker. He joined the Painters Trade Union of the Unión General de Trabajadores (UGT, General Union of Workers), of which he would be president and manager of its collective workshop; soon after he joined the Spanish Socialist Party (PSOE). In 1916, he joined the Socialist Group of Madrid (AS). He participated actively at the national revolutionary strikes of 1916 and 1917, what forced him to take refuge in Seville to avoid his possible arrest and imprisonment.

During the following years he had positions in the union movement of more responsibility, and he participated with greater enthusiasm in every strike movements and political acts. He travelled throughout Spain giving speeches and participating in meetings and assemblies to stimulate the workers to be more organized and participative regarding the revolutionary struggle. He participated actively in every act celebrated at the Casa del Pueblo of Madrid, where he coincided with characters as relevant as Largo Caballero, Edmundo Rodríguez, Amaro del Rosal, etc. He participated again actively in the Huelga General Revolucionaria (General Revolutionary Strike) of 1934 and was imprisoned and convicted to twenty years in jail, but he got out of jail after the amnesty of 1936. He was secretary of Acción Cultural, Treasurer and President of the Federation of Painters of the Trade Union for the Construction Industry. He participated in the Mixed Juries as representative of the UGT.

He travelled several times to France to participate in some union congresses. He published articles in the newspaper El Socialista and in several publications that the UGT would edit, and in the formation of general outreach workshops. He was the author of several tales and theatre plays, mostly of social character, among which we cite “La Diosa Humilde”, social drama divided in three acts that was premiered at the Salón Luminoso and played by UGT members and their relatives. His wife Isabel and UGT members, including their relatives, participated in it. From 1936 to 1939 he was treasurer of the Federación Nacional de la Edificación (National Federation of Edification) of the UGT. In 1938 he was vocal of the UGT’s National Committee, representing his Federation.

He exiled first to France, where he was confined in an internment camp of Sept-Fonds (France). He arrived as exiled to Mexico on board of the ship Ipanema in July, 1939. He travelled together with his wife Isabel Rodríguez Gil and his two daughters, Enriqueta and María Luisa Gómez Rodríguez. When they were already living in Mexico he was member and treasurer of the Cultural Circle Jaime Vera. He collaborated in several Mexican diaries such as El Nacional, in which he published some of the tales he wrote during his exile in Mexico. He worked as copyeditor in several publishing companies. He had a shop of oil selling in the neighborhood of la Merced. During the Second World War he worked as the manager of a chewing gum factory that exported its products to the US Army.

In 1946 he was expelled from the PSOE because he did not want to join the Spanish AS of Mexico. In 1952 he joined the Spanish Socialist Union and he joined the Spanish National Liberation Front. In 1953 he travelled to Guatemala (Guatemala) to visit his daughter Enriqueta and there he collaborated with the activities of the Communist Party as copyeditor. There is still a great written work (theatre plays, narrations and poems). He passed away in Mexico D.F on the 3rd May, 1969.

Spanish Civil War, 1936-1939

Date of the event: 1936 - 1939

 
Ipanema (barco de vapor)

Description: Expedición por la que sale de Pauillac (Gioronda, Francia) el 12 de junio de 1939 y llega a Veracruz el 7 de julio de 1939

Location associated with the date: Veracruz (México)

 

Occupations

Profession (carried on by):

Painters

Profession (carried on by):

Labour unions members

(Function) He/She carries out/ perform:

Authors

Places

Place of departure:

Pauillac (Gironda, Francia) in 1939-06-12

Place of arrival:

Veracruz (México) in 1939-07-07

Domicile:

México in 1939

Lugar de Nacimiento:

Linares (Jaén, España) in 1886-04-15

Lugar de Defunción:

Ciudad de México (México) in 1969-05-03

Subjects

Related Authorities

Círculo Cultural Jaime Vera (Mexico)  ( He/She is a member of )

Associative relations :

El Socialista (diario, Madrid, España, 1886-1939)  ( He/She works for )

Junta de Auxilio a los Republicanos Españoles  ( He/She is the owner/beneficiary/president of; Recibe ayuda )

Partido Socialista Obrero Español  ( He/She is a member of )

Servicio de Evacuación de Refugiados Españoles  ( He/She is the owner/beneficiary/president of; Recibe ayuda )

Unión General de Trabajadores (España)  ( He/She is a member of )

Family relationships :

Rodríguez Gil, Isabel (¿-1980)  - Marriage (He/She is married to)

External Links

Catálogo de Autoridades:

VIAF

Fichero de Autoridades:

Biblioteca Nacional de España

Documents

Producer of:

  • No Description Units associated.

Related documents:

  • Centro Documental de la Memoria Histórica  (2)