Person - Arismendi Subero de Ibáñez, Juan Bautista (1775-1841)

Arismendi Subero de Ibáñez, Juan Bautista (1775-1841)




Preferred form:

Arismendi Subero de Ibáñez, Juan Bautista (1775-1841)Other forms

Fechas de existencia:

La Asuncion (Isla Margarita, Venezuela)  1775-03-15 - Caracas (Distrito Capital, Venezuela)  1841-06-22


Juan Bautista Arismendi Subero (March 15, 1775 - Caracas, June 22, 1841).

He was a Venezuelan politician, hero of the independence, soldier, General in Chief of the army of Venezuela during the War of Independence.

In 1790, he began his career in arms as Cadet of a Battalion of Militias of the island of Margarita. In 1810, the Provisional Junta of the island of Margarita promoted him to Colonel to smother the events initiated on April 19. In 1812, he took part in the expedition to conquer the Guayana. When Arismendi entered in Caracas, the Governor of Margarita ordered to stop him. Then, some months of being in prison, he was released. In 1813, he reorganized an army that allowed him to deal with the governance of the island. He received the recognition of Simón Bolívar (1783-1830) as Supreme Leader of the Republic. Then, he moved to Barlovento to strengthen the troops of the Lieutenant Colonel Francisco Bolívar, who had been sent to join the units of the troops from the East against realist operating in the villages of Mamporal, Panaquire, Chico River and others in the same area. On March 11, 1814, he was defeated in Ocumare del Tuy by the realist leader, Francisco Rosete (1775- 1816). He defended the Margarita Island from attacks of Pablo Morillo (1775-1837), who had arrived at the head of an expedition of 15,000 Spanish. In 1815, he was conferred the position of General Commander of all the forces of sea and land of Margarita to deal with a possible offensive from the realist Chief Francisco Tomás Morales (1781 o 1783-1845). In 1816, Simón Bolívar awarded him with the rank of General in Chief. On January 9, 1817, he accompanied Bolivar in the Battle of Clarines y Unrane, which was favorable to the royalist. In 1821, when José Francisco Bermúdez (1782-1831) moved forward Caracas, Arismendi joined to this leader in the indicated population. In 1828, already in a retirement situation, Arismendi was appointed General in Chief by José Antonio Páez (1790-1873), second Commander of the army. He also was commissioned to prepare a police regulation. In 1830, he defended the separation of Venezuela from Colombia. Between 1835 and 1841, once Venezuela was separated from the Great Colombia, he exerted the position of Acting Governor of Caracas. Since 1835, he was Senator in representation of Margarita.



Lugar de Nacimiento:

La Asuncion (Isla Margarita, Venezuela) in 1775-03-15

Lugar de Defunción:

Caracas (Distrito Capital, Venezuela) in 1841-06-22





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