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Person - Boves de la Iglesia, José Tomás (1782-1814)

Boves de la Iglesia, José Tomás (1782-1814)




Preferred form:

Boves de la Iglesia, José Tomás (1782-1814)Other forms

Fechas de existencia:

Oviedo (Asturias, España)  1782-09-18 - Venezuela  1814-12-05


José Tomás Boves (Oviedo, Asturias, September 18, 1782 ? Urica, Venezuela, December 5, 1814). He was a Spanish guerrilla, soldier and fought in American lands against the independent and in favor of royalist. In Gijón (Spain), he studied nautical and piloting. Shortly after, he moved to America devoted to trade in Calabozo (Venezuela). He was imprisoned in Puerto Cabello on smuggling charges. He was pardoned by the first Republican government, but in 1812, in Calabozo, he was sentenced to death by the Patriots, accused of disloyalty. He was released by the Spanish and joined the Royalist Army. Domingo de Monteverde (1773-1832) appointed him General Commander of Calabozo. He organized a numerous army formed by masses. Juan Manuel de Cajigal (1757-1823) requested authorization to conduct the war in Los Llanos. In the first campaign, he got hold of the domain of the region of Los Llanos and Los Mosquiteros. In 1813, in the second campaign, in the first Battle of La Puerta, he defeated the patriot Vicente Campos, but was defeated by Simón Bolívar (1783-1830) in San Mateo, by Santiago Mariño (1788-1854), in Bocachica, Freites in Cachipo and by Juan Campo Elías (1759-1814) in Mosquitero. In 1814, Boves reorganized his army in Los Llanos and embarked on the third campaign. He took the city of Valencia. He got victory in the second Battle of La Puerta on June 15. Thanks to this victory, royalist troops had permission to enter and transit unhindered through the valleys of Aragua and Caracas, axis and center of political power. When Simon Bolivar knew about the defeat in La Puerta, he ordered to the General José Félix Ribas (1775-1815) to move the troops that he commanded from Caracas towards La Victoria, in order to prevent the advance of the enemy army. Finally, Boves was defeated at the Battle of Urica (December 5, 1814) where he was killed.



Lugar de Nacimiento:

Oviedo (Asturias, España) in 1782-09-18

Lugar de Defunción:

Venezuela in 1814-12-05




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Fichero de Autoridades:

Biblioteca Nacional de España


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Related documents:

  • Archivo General de Indias  (1)