Person - Flores Aramburu, Juan José (1800-1864)

Flores Aramburu, Juan José (1800-1864)




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Flores Aramburu, Juan José (1800-1864)Other forms

Dates of existence/Biographical dates:

Puerto Cabello (Carabobo, Venezuela)  1800-06-19 - 1864-10-01


Juan José Flores y Aramburu (Puerto Cabello, Venezuela, July 19, 1800 ? Isla Puná, Ecuador, October 1, 1864). He was a soldier and Venezuelan politician. From a very young age, he participated in the War of Emancipation of his country. He was second Lieutenant in 1815 and participated in the campaigns of the Apure Army. He took part in many battles in the third Venezuelan Revolution in the site of Puerto Cabello in 1821. He moved to the southern region of Colombia to participate in the campaigns of emancipation with Bolivar. He took part in the Battle of Bomboná against the royalists of Pasto (1822). On 1823 as a Colonel, he stayed in this population, besieged by the realist rebels of Agualongo, that is the reason why he had to be evacuated. When Pasto recovered thanks to José Mieres, he returned to be a soldier and civilian leader in the region. He managed to put an end to the rebellion of it in favor of realist cause, with the Battle of Sucumbios (1825). When the new division of Colombia was produced, he was appointed as General Commander of the Department of Ecuador. In 1826, Bolívar gathered the three departments in the South under a civil and military commander which depended directly of the executive power, position that was given to Flores. He stood out in the war against Peru, especially in the Battle of Tarqui (February 27, 1829). When the dismemberment of the Great Colombia occurred, he promoted the affidavit of the Ecuadorian Independence (May 13, 1830) and the call for the Congress of Riobamba (August 14), which consummated the Independence of Quito under the name of Republic of Ecuador. Also, he gave a centralist Constitution and was elected President. Between 1831 and 1832, he fought against Colombia for the incorporation of Pasto, Popayan and Cauca to Ecuador, but he only managed to take possession of Cauca. He had to deal with a liberal insurrection started in 1833, in Miñarica, until January 1835. After the Presidency of Vicente Rocafuerte (1783-1847) between 1835 and 1839, Flores was reelected in 1839 and 1843. He convened an Assembly where wrote a Constitution called "Letter of the slavery" (1843) and prolonged his presidential mandate during eight years. But he was overthrown in 1845, because of a movement that erupted in Guayaquil. From Peru, he tried unsuccessfully to recover the power. He returned to the country called by García Moreno, with whom collaborated in 1860 to ensure the internal order. In the war against Colombia, he commanded the army which was defeated at Cuaspud (1863).







Lugar de Nacimiento:

Puerto Cabello (Carabobo, Venezuela) in 1800-06-19

Related Authorities

Rocafuerte, Vicente (1783-1847)  ( He/She is the enemy of-He/She is facing- It is the minority )

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