Murphy Meade, José
Person - Murphy Meade, José (1774-1841)

Murphy Meade, José (1774-1841)

Identification

Type:

Person

Preferred form:

Murphy Meade, José (1774-1841)

Fechas de existencia:

1774 - 1841

History:

Spanish politician of liberal trends. He was commonly known as "Father of Santa Cruz de Tenerife" because, thanks to his wise management, the city was desiganted capital of the Canary Islands. Many people consider José Murphy the best politician of Santa Cruz, still remembered thanks to his statue placed in the capital city's San Francisco square. He was son of Patricio Murphy & Kelly and Juana Meade y Sall.

He was elected "síndico personero" of the Santa Cruz de Tenerife City Hall in 1806 and, the next year, was consul of the Royal Consulate of Ireland. Due to the invasion of Napoleon, the king's exile and the resulting lack of government, the "Junta Suprema de la Laguna" was constituted, in which he was elected as chairperson. That is why he attended to the Headquearters meetings in Seville and Cádiz.

At the same year, he was also elected deputy of the "Junta Central" along with the Marquis of Villanueva del Prado. In 1812, he established a trading company with his brother Patricio. Shortly after the Provincial Deputation of Canarias in Tenerife was settled, José Murphy was among the elected deputies and was designated interim Secretary. He spent two moths in Paris in 1818, and two and a half years in London due to business issues. He was again elected "síndico personero" in 1818 of the Santa Cruz de Tenerife City Hall and, in 1820, he worked as chairperson in the Board of Health.

Once the Liberal Triennium started in 1822, José Murphy and Graciliano Afonso were designated deputies of the Cortes for Canarias. He wrote and published in 1823 in Madrid his Comments about the suppression of the bishopric of Tenerife that submitted to the ecclesiastical Commission. In the historical meeting of the Seville Cortes at the same year, Murphy signed the agreement of the king's inability and the creation of a Regency.

He went to exile after the overthrow of the Constitutional Regime in 1823 and, due to the absolutist reaction, Murphy moved to Gibraltar, from where he traveled to Tenerife and London. The 11th May 1826, the "Sala del Crimen" of Seville sentenced him to death. In May 1837 and after the amnesty of the former deputies that were against Ferdinand VII absolutism, he was designated for three years Consul-General of Spain in Mexico. He died in poverty in 1841.

Liberal Triennium, 1820-1823

Date of the event: 1820 - 1823

 

Related Authorities

Afonso, Graciliano (1775-1861)  ( Colabora con )

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VIAF

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