Person - Carratalá Martínez, José Manuel (1792-1855)

Carratalá Martínez, José Manuel (1792-1855)




Preferred form:

Carratalá Martínez, José Manuel (1792-1855)Other forms

Dates of existence/Biographical dates:

Alicante (España)  1792-12-14 - Madrid (España)  1855-12-13


José Manuel de Carratalá Martínez (Alicante, Spain, 1781 ? Madrid, 1854). He was a soldier. He had a degree in law. He participated in the War of Independence of Spain, participating since the beginning. He was a member of the Board of Valencia and constituted a regiment in that city. He fought in Tudela, in the second siege of Zaragoza where he was a prisoner, but he escaped; and in the siege of Tortosa, he also was arrested but he managed to escape. At the end of the war, he was appointed Lieutenant Colonel. In 1815, he went to America, with the rank of Lieutenant Colonel, being a member of the Pablo Morillo's expedition (1775-1837) in February of that year. He fought in the Margarita Island and Peru, he fought in Jujuy and Salta, and in 1820 occupied Arequipa. He was promoted to Brigadier under the order of José de Canterac (1787-1835). He stood out in the last campaigns of Peru, fighting in Ica, Toraca, Moquegua. He was in charge of write the bases of the capitulation of Ayacucho (1824). He returned to Spain and stood out as a General against the Carlists, fighting in Extremadura, Catalonia and the North. In the first Carlist War, he was Captain General of Extremadura, where he encouraged the creation of urban militias that would helped to reject the Carlists attempts to bring the war to that region; He also held the Captaincy General of Valencia. On April 10, 1834, he defeated Ramón Carnicer (1789-1855) in the Mayals operation; and January 2, 1835, in the North, he defeated Zumalacarregui in the Battle of Ormaiztegui. As Lieutenant General, he was in charge of various General Captaincies and from January 17 to March 19, he was Minister of war with the Count of Ofalia. He was awarded with the Grand Cross of Isabel the Catholic (April 14, 1829) and the Grand Cross of San Hermenegildo (1836).




Alicante (España)

Place of death:

Madrid (España)

Lugar de Nacimiento:

Alicante (España) in 1792-12-14

Lugar de Defunción:

Madrid (España) in 1855-12-13





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