Person - Dessalines, Jean Jacques (1758-1806)

Dessalines, Jean Jacques (1758-1806)




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Dessalines, Jean Jacques (1758-1806)Other forms

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1758-09-20 - 1806-10-17


Jean-Jacques Dessalines (Grande-Rivière-du-Nord, Santo Domingo, September 20, 1758 - Port-au-Prince, Haiti, October 17, 1806). He was the leader of the Haitian revolution that proclaimed the country's independence on January 1, 1804, and became his first Governor with the name Jacques I and Emperor of Haiti (1804-1806). He also was a slave in Santo Domingo until, in 1789, he manages to escape, took the name of his old master, and in 1791, he began his political activity leading the revolt of the slaves. From 1793, he supported France along with Toussaint-Louverture (1743-1803), when the Convention abolished slavery. He also helped to expel the British from the island in 1797. In 1802, after the expedition of General Charles Leclerc (1772-1802) and the death of Toussaint, he fought against the French. And once the Independence of Haiti was proclaimed, he was appointed lifelong Governor 1804). In September of that same year, he became Emperor with the name of Jacques I. His first step towards the reorganization of the economy was the forced restoration of slaves to work. With the Cibao?s campaign, he subsequently tried the annexation of Santo Domingo. His repressive policy rose up in arms the slaves, directed by Henri Christophe (1767-1820), and Alexandre Pétion (1770-1818). The rebellion, which began in the southern provinces, led him to his overthrow and death.







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