Person - Aldecoa González, Carmen (1897-1988)

Aldecoa González, Carmen (1897-1988)




Preferred form:

Aldecoa González, Carmen (1897-1988)

Fechas de existencia:

Turón (Mieres, Asturias, España)  1897-12-10 - Madrid (España)  1988-05-13


Exiled Spanish teacher and writer.

She studied her baccalaureate in the National Institute of Oviedo, and she finished her degree in Natural Sciences in 1919 in the former Universidad Complutense de Madrid. She was given a scholarship in Paris after finishing her studies and she became an intern at the Spanish Institute of Oceanography, which depended on the former Universidad Complutense de Madrid. In 1929, she obtained her PhD in that same university, and she taught as an intern until 1932.

From 1920 onwards, she was a member of the Sociedad Ibérica de Ciencias Naturales and of the Real Sociedad Española de Historia Natural since 1926, even obtaining a position in the directive board that was presided then by Clara Campoamor. She was a teacher at the Mieres High school and later, at the Menéndez Pelayo High school in Santander.

With the outbreak of the Spanish Civil War, she intended the Colegio Cántabro of Santander, which was then her responsibility, as a shelter for the children of militia members. At that moment, she met her future husband, Jesús González Malo, president of the Sociedad de Trabajadores del Muelle de Santander, who worked as a general commissioner of the Militias of Santander. After the occupation of the city by the participants of the coup d'État, both of them moved to Bordeaux and then to Barcelona, working then as a teacher for different schools of the city and in the National Institute Benicarló. Also, from mid-1938 she collaborated in the transfer of children abroad and directed the Iberia orphanage in Lyon.

When the war ended, they crossed the frontier with France, where they interned in a concentration camp, although they finally managed to embark on the 'Mexique' and were exiled to Cuba.

Once there, she was the vice president of the Asociaciones de Ayuda al Pueblo Español (Associations of Aid to the Spanish People) and spokesperson of the directive of the Spanish Socialist Ateneo. Moreover, she was teacher at the Escuela Libre of La Havana, at the Warren Academy and at the Lyceum Club. From 1940 she settled in New York with her husband, who had arrived some months before, and there he worked as a teacher.

In 1941, she became a member of the Spanish Department at the Vassar College in order to replace a sick leave, although this was the start of a long career as a Spanish and Literature teacher in the University of New York and Connecticut. She also worked as a collaborator in the cultural work of the Hispanic Institute of New York and in different societies of the city that defended the republican cause. Moreover, she collaborated in "España Libre", in "Revista Hispánica Moderna" and in "La Prensa". Before that, she wrote in Mexico "Del sentir y pensar. Libros primero", where she presented different essays and conferences written between 1936 and 1955. The themes in those works went from the legacy of Ramón y Cajal to the Spanish university. At the same time she analyzed literature and the laborer thought during the 19th and 20th centuries.

In 1965 her husband passed away and with her retirement she returned to Spain, settling in Madrid.

Spanish Civil War, 1936-1939

Date of the event: 1936 - 1939

Mexique (barco de vapor)

Date of the event: 1939-07-13

Location associated with the date: Pauillac (Gironda, Francia)



Profesión (Es realizada por):



Lugar de Residencia:

Madrid (España)

Lugar de Residencia:

Santander (Cantabria, España)

Lugar de Residencia:


Lugar de Residencia:

Nueva York (Estados Unidos)

Lugar de Residencia:

Lyon (Ródano, Francia)

Lugar de Nacimiento:

Turón (Mieres, Asturias, España) in 1897-12-10

Lugar de Defunción:

Madrid (España) in 1988-05-13





Aznar Soler, Manuel. García López, José Ramón. Diccionario biobibliográfico de los escritores, editoriales y revistas del exilio republicano de 1939. [Cubierta]. edición de Manuel Aznar Soler y José Ramón López García. Sevilla: Renacimiento. 2016. 4 vol.. 978-84-16981-15-1.

Related Authorities

Buen, Odón de (1863-1945)  ( Colabora con )

Associative relations :

Instituto Español de Oceanografía (España)  ( Es empleado en/trabaja en )

Family relationships :

Gozález Malo, Jesús (1900-1965)  - Marriage (Esta casado/a con)

External Links

Recurso web:

Oceánicas pioneras

(CDMH) Certificaciones de presentación en el Gobierno Civil de Santander (Cantabria):

Portal de Archivos Españoles PARES

(AHN) Expediente académico de Carmen Aldecoa González, alumno de la Facultad de Ciencias de la Universidad Central. Natural de Turón de Mieres (Asturias). Licenciado en Ciencias Naturales:

Portal de Archivos Españoles PARES

(CDMH) Ficha de Carmen Aldecoa González en el Fichero nº 2 de la Sección Político Social (4 fichas):

Portal de Archivos Españoles PARES

Catálogo de Autoridades:


Fichero de Autoridades:

Biblioteca Nacional de España


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