Álvarez Guerra Peña, Juan
Person - Álvarez Guerra Peña, Juan (1770-1845)

Álvarez Guerra Peña, Juan (1770-1845)




Preferred form:

Álvarez Guerra Peña, Juan (1770-1845)Other forms

Dates of existence/Biographical dates:

Zafra (Badajoz, España)  1770-05-29 - 1845-04-13


Spanish statesman, judge and agronomist. First son of Francisco Javier Álvarez Martínez and Ana Guerra Caballero and the elder brother of Andrés and José. He studied Law even though he decided to work as an agronomist since it was his greatest passion. He is known for being the translator of the Dictionary of Agriculture by François Rozier. Facing the French invasion, the three brothers decided to show their patriotic liberal point of view. José and Andrés did it in the Army, and Juan, due to his noticeable limp, did it with his pen.

In 1813, he was the secretary of the Supreme Junta of Censorship. Later, he was imprisoned with Argüelles in Ceuta for eight years. Moreover, the decree of 15 December stated that after those eight years of sentence he could not come back to Madrid without the King's consent. However, they both obtained their freedom again and came back to politics with the final triumph of Rafael de Riego's military uprising, along with the restoration of Cadiz's Constitution. In 1823, he was named member of the National Academy in the department of Physics-Mathematics Science, dignitary of the Kingdom, the director of the Economic Society of Matritense, Minister of Development and Infrastructure and general director of Correos in 1840.

Liberal Triennium, 1820-1823

Date of the event: 1820 - 1823

Cortes de Cádiz, 1810-1813

Date of the event: 1810 - 1813



Prisionero en_en:

Ceuta (España)

Lugar de Nacimiento:

Zafra (Badajoz, España) in 1770-05-29





Gil Novales, Alberto. Diccionario biográfico de España (1808-1833) : de los orígenes del liberalismo a la reacción absolutista. Alberto Gil Novales. Madrid: Fundación Mapfre. 3 v. (3406 p.). 978-84-9844-236-6 (Vol. 3).

Lama Hernández, José María. Los Álvarez-Guerra de Alcázar de San Juan . [Cubierta]. José María Lama. [Alcázar de San Juan]: Patronato Municipal de Cultura de Alcázar de San Juan. 1 recurso en línea (47 p.). [http://patronatoculturaalcazar.org/teselas/TESELA71.pdf].

Related Authorities

Family relationships :

Álvarez Guerra, Andrés (1775-?)  - Collateral (He/She is the brother/sister of)

Álvarez Guerra, José (1778-1863)  - Collateral (He/She is the brother/sister of)

Argüelles, Agustín (1776-1844)  ( He/She is friend with )

Associative relations :

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