Person - Espinosa de los Monteros Ayerdi, Carlos (1775-1847)

Espinosa de los Monteros Ayerdi, Carlos (1775-1847)




Preferred form:

Espinosa de los Monteros Ayerdi, Carlos (1775-1847)Other forms

Fechas de existencia:

Llastres (Colunga, Asturias, España)  1775-02-17 - Madrid (España)  1847-11-09


Spanish soldier. Son of María Micaela Ayerdi y Luyando and Gregorio Espinosa de los Monteros y Guzmán, Lieutenant Colonel of Engineers. He married Xaviera Azcona and Ramírez de Arellano, who was the daughter of Su Majestad en la Cámara de Comptos of the Kingdom of Navarra, and together they had four children. In 1790, he entered to the Artillery College of Segovia as a knight cadet, and in 1793, in brigade. He was promoted until he was captain in 1804. From the beginning, he served in different armies such as the army of the former Castilla y León, the army of Galicia and the army of Navarra in the War of the Convention with France, among others. In 1808, in the Peninsular War, he was taken prisoner and sent to France where he was locked up in places such as Perigeux and Maçon until 1814, when he escaped from one of the prisons of Flanders.

In 1818, he was proposed to be Artillery Colonel, after being Lieutenant Colonel, and in 1819, he was stationed as deputy director of the Maestranza de Artillería in La Coruña. In 1820, after Riego's uprising, he took charge of the constitutionalist uprising as head of the Constitutional Army of Galicia. In the Constitutional Triennium he got numerous positions, including: temporary General Gommander of the army and province of Galicia, General Captain of the former Castilla y León and General of the Operations Command in Navarra and Vascongadas Provinces. The return of Ferdinand VII to power led him to his exile to England and to live there from 1823 to 1830, in Somerst Town, London.

He returned to Spain in 1834 thanks to Amnesty Second royal decree of Isabella II of Spain. He could re-enter the army and he was rehabilitated as a Field Marshal. He was Commander General of Ceuta and Captain General of Andalucía. Later, he was a spokesperson of the Junta Auxiliar de Guerra and Senator for the province of Sevilla in the government of General Espartero. With the dissolution of the Parliament, he had to settle in Cadiz and then in Cuba, as a punishment for his role in the progressive period. He could return to Spain as Lieutenant General in 1847.

He was a Freemason, he belonged to the Logia Constitucional de la Reunión Española being C.E. Diocles grade 15. In 1817 he founded in La Coruña the lodge Amigos del Orden.

Liberal Triennium, 1820-1823

Date of the event: 1820 - 1823



Prisionero en:


Lugar de Nacimiento:

Llastres (Colunga, Asturias, España) in 1775-02-17

Lugar de Defunción:

Madrid (España) in 1847-11-09





Gil Novales, Alberto. Diccionario biográfico de España (1808-1833): de los orígenes del liberalismo a la reacción absolutista. Alberto Gil Novales. Madrid: Fundación Mapfre. 3 v. (3406 p.). 978-84-9844-236-6 (Vol. 1).

Related Authorities

Espartero, Baldomero (1793-1879)  ( Es miembro del gobierno de )

Associative relations :

Espoz y Mina, Francisco (1781-1836)  ( Colabora con )

Family relationships :

Espinosa de los Monteros, Gregorio (1717-?)  - Descendant (Es hijo/a de)

See ancestors

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