Juan Ruiz de Apodaca
Person - Ruiz de Apodaca, Juan (1754-1835)

Ruiz de Apodaca, Juan (1754-1835)




Preferred form:

Ruiz de Apodaca, Juan (1754-1835)Other forms

Dates of existence/Biographical dates:

Cádiz (España)  1754-02-03 - Madrid (España)  1835-01-11


Juan José Ruiz de Apodaca y Eliza (Cádiz, Spain, February 3, 1754- Madrid, January, 11, 1835).

He was a noble, a politician and a Spanish soldier. Venadito's first Count. Major of navy. Field- marshal of Cuba and the two Floridas, Nueva España's Viceroy (1816-1821) and field-marshal of the Armada.

He was the son of Tomás Ruiz de Apodaca y López de Letona y de Eusebia de Eliza y Lasquetti. When he was Nueva España's viceroy he was conciliatory with the supporters of the independence and the insurgents. Because of that, he was very popular and he pacified the uprising to the metropolis. When Trienio Liberal begans in 1820, according to the new rules of the Constitution, he was named as the political chief of Nueva España (1820-1821) and field marshal of the Spanish Real Army. He left this position after the insurgent of absolutist soldiers and their leader, Agustín Itúrbide (1783-1824), who reached an agreement with the independents and suspend the implementation of the new orders. He was member of Calatrava's order since 1783. He died in Madrid.

Liberal Triennium, 1820-1823

Date of the event: 1820 - 1823



(Function) He/She carries out/ perform:

Spanish Ambassadors


Lugar de Nacimiento:

Cádiz (España) in 1754-02-03

Lugar de Defunción:

Madrid (España) in 1835-01-11




Title of Nobility:

Venadito, condes de

Title of Nobility:

Venadito, condes de

Related Authorities

Gravina, Federico (1756-1806)  ( He/She/It collaborated with )

Associative relations :

Orden de Calatrava (España)  ( He/She is a member of )

Virrey de Nueva España  ( Ocupa /Ejerce de_en )

Charge :

Temporary relationships :

Mina Larrea, Francisco Javier (1789-1817)  - Contemporary

See successors

External Links

Biografía virtual:

Diccionario biográfico RAH

Catálogo de Autoridades:


Fichero de Autoridades:

Biblioteca Nacional de España