Corporate Body - Colegio de San Francisco Javier de Sanlúcar de Barrameda (Cádiz, España)

Colegio de San Francisco Javier de Sanlúcar de Barrameda (Cádiz, España)

Identification

Type:

Corporate Body

Preferred form:

Colegio de San Francisco Javier de Sanlúcar de Barrameda (Cádiz, España)Other forms

Fechas de Existencia:

from 1620 to 1767

History:

Sanlúcar de Barrameda (Cadiz) held 19 convents that were founded between 1450 and 1650. By 1650, they were all inhabited. Almost all of them started with the economic support of the Dukes of Medina Sidonia but, in every case, they increased in size and sumptuousness because of the generosity of the donors and celebrities that lived in the city. They settled into the city thanks to the religious and monarchical politics, whose objective was to avoid the extension of Protestantism, which spread the English culture. In this context, in particular in the province of Andalusia, they wanted to promote Jesuit houses and seminars compounded by English catholic priests between 1570 and 1600 in order to reintroduce England's obedience to Rome. Between 1590-1591, some years after Medina Sidonia's defeat under the command of the Invincible, the Duke D. Alonso promoted the renovation of a previous foundation, the church and hospital of Saint George, in charge of the physical and spiritual care of the English sailors that arrived in Sanlúcar. However, it was not until some decades later, in the times of the 8th Duke Manuel Alonso, that the Company permanently settled in the city. By then, the interest of the House of Medina Sidonia had moved from the Counter-Reformist spread of the Company to its missioner work in the Indies. The 9th Duke of Medina Sidonia, his successor, was the one that favored the Company's establishing when he was interested on being named owner and protector of the Company of Jesus in the Betica province. His only aim was to swell his prestige and power in the Indies. At the end of the 16th century, the Jesuits counted on the permit of the Crown to extend their work in the other side of the Atlantic. The Order's establishing in the Indies supposed his influence and contact with the colonizers as well as the fact of being the Order's owner, which would lead to more prestige and power for him. So, the Duke financed the construction of a new church and house that were more spacious and rich than the ones that still operated in Sanlúcar in return for that power. The Jesuits settled in the hermit of Vera Cruz in 1620 on request of the Duke of Medina Sidonia. The College not only carried out the formative and pastoral functions of the Order but also worked as a hostelry for the Company's members before shipping to America. There is no more information about this school's development. It stopped operating in 1767 due to the Pragmatic Sanction promulgated by Charles III.

Context:

Tras la expulsión de los jesuitas, el templo de esta institución fue cedido a la Cofradía de San Pedro. Con motivo de la presencia de los ejércitos franceses en la localidad, en el S.XIX, la cubierta de la iglesia fue destruida por un incendio, por lo que transcurrido algún tiempo sin uso fue vendida para albergar una bodega, destino que aun conserva (bodega La Compañía, Barbadillo).

Tras los destinos señalados, las dependencias del antiguo Colegio pasaron a servir de alojamiento para la escolta de los duques de Montpensier, destinándose en 1940 a oficina de Telégrafos, mientras la parte trasera acogió una escuela, un cuartel de caballería y la Casa de Expósitos.

Ya en 1987, el edificio sufrió una importante remodelación para ser convertido en viviendas, aunque conservando los tres patios con arquerías sobre columnas de mármol que lo articulaban.

Algunas de sus galerías se han convertido en pasajes urbanos.

Functions

(Function) He/She carries out/ perform:

Administración del patrimonio monástico

(Function) He/She carries out/ perform:

Misionado y evangelización

(Function) He/She carries out/ perform:

Preservación de obras culturales monásticas

Subjects

(Function) He/She carries out/ perform:

Administración del patrimonio monástico

(Function) He/She carries out/ perform:

Misionado y evangelización

(Function) He/She carries out/ perform:

Preservación de obras culturales monásticas

Mandates/Legal Sources

Sources

PARES: Código Referencia:ES.28079.AHN/3.1.2.19.58//

Documentos de la Compañía de Jesús en el Archivo histórico nacional: Inventario por Araceli Guglieri Navarro,... Introducción de Francisco Mateos, S.J.AHN, Editorial Razón y Fe, 1967.

MORALES, Alfredo J.: La arquitectura jesuítica en Andalucía. Estado de la cuestión. Universidad de Sevilla. [Recurso electrónico. Consultado el 21 de julio de 2015]

Salas Almela, L.: Fundaciones conventuales en Sanlúcar de Barrameda: una imagen de poder señorial en el camino de los eclesiásticos a Indias (1492-1641). Centro de História de Além Mar, Lisboa. Escuela de Estudios Hispano-Americanos (CSIC, Sevilla) Historia y Genealogía Nº1 (2011). [Recurso electrónico. Consultado el 22 de julio de 2015] digital.csic.es/bitstream/10261/33039/1/Poder_señorial-Salas.pdf

Related Authorities

Guzmán, Gaspar de (?-1664)  ( It is sponsored by )

Associative relations :

Jesuits  ( He/She is a member of )

Documents

Producer of:

  • No Units of Description associated.

Related documents:

  • No Units of Description associated.