Corporate Body - Orden de Santiago (España)

Orden de Santiago (España)

Identification

Type:

Corporate Body

Preferred form:

Orden de Santiago (España)Other forms

Fechas de Existencia:

from 1170 to XX

History:

La Orden de Santiago se inicia como una cofradía de caballeros creada en 1170 por Fernando II de León en Cáceres para asegurar la defensa de la ciudad contra los almohades y participar en las campañas del monarca por Extremadura. Estos freiles de Cáceres, cuyo jefe se llamaba Pedro Fernández, llegaron a un acuerdo en 1171 con el arzobispo de Santiago, por el que el maestre se convertía en canónigo de esa iglesia y los freiles en vasallos del apóstol Santiago, mientras que el arzobispo se convertiría en freile honorario. La aprobación papal de la regla santiaguista se produjo en 1175. La orden pronto amplió sus objetivos al alcanzar acuerdos con los monarcas de Castilla y Portugal que les cedieron posesiones y castillos en las zonas fronterizas, conviertiéndose rápidamente en la primera orden que se extendió fuera de la Península. Su participación en el proceso reconquistador fue muy activa. Durante la época moderna la Orden cesó totalmente su actividad bélica, pero constituyó un soporte financiero fundamental para la monarquía. A pesar de la progresiva pérdida de poder político y económico, la orden siguió siendo un refugio para la nobleza. Con el advenimiento de los regímenes republicanos la orden fue disuelta.

Related Authorities

Aguirre, Francisco de (ca.1500-1581)  ( It has as a member )

Associative relations :

Alagón Requesens, Hilarión de (ca.1601-1634)  ( It has as a member )

Alagón Roig, Blasco de (1623-1652)  ( It has as a member )

Álava Navarrete, Ignacio María (1750-1817)  ( It has as a member )

Alderete, Jerónimo de (1516-1556)  ( It has as a member )

Allendesalazar Azpiroz, Manuel (1884-1957)

Barbo, Teodoro (ingeniero militar)  ( It has as a member )

Bucarelli Ursúa, Francisco de Paula (1708-1780)  ( It has as a member )

Caballero Caballero, José Antonio (1754-1821)  ( It has as a member )

Cabrera Bobadilla, Fernando (¿-1522)  ( It has as a member )

Calderón de la Barca, Pedro (1600-1681)  ( It has as a member )

Cárdenas Herrera, Diego de (1602-1659)  ( It has as a member )

Cardona Eril, Enrique de (ca.1546-?)  ( It has as a member )

Carnero Trogner, Antonio (1568-1661)  ( It has as a member )

Carreto de Argote, Francisco (¿-1651)  ( It has as a member )

Carrillo de Albornoz Montiel, José (1671-1747)  ( It has as a member )

Castro, Fernando de (aprox. XVI-?)  ( It has as a member )

Ceballos Cortés, Pedro de (1715-1778)  ( It has as a member )

Centurión de Negro, Octavio (ca. 1575-1653)  ( It has as a member )

Chacón Herrera, José María (1756-1838)  ( It has as a member )

Chaves Mendoza, Juan de (ca. 1570-1640)  ( It has as a member )

Choquet de Isla, Diego (1743-1806)  ( It has as a member )

Ciriza Balanza, Juan de (1569-1638)  ( It has as a member )

Colón de Toledo, Diego (1524-1546)  ( It has as a member )

Conchillos Niño de Ribera, Fernando  ( It has as a member )

Contreras López de Ayala, Juan de (1893-1978)  ( It has as a member )

Contreras Villalobos, Pedro de (ca.1556-1637)  ( It has as a member )

Croix, Maximiliano de la (1698-?)  ( It has as a member )

Cuadra Llarena, Sebastián de la (1687-1766)  ( It has as a member )

Cuesta Torre, Antonio de la (1755-1828)  ( It has as a member )

Díez de Rivera Muro, Clara María  ( It has as a member )

Duque de Estrada Meneses, Manuel  ( It has as a member )

Eslava de Lassaga, Rafael de (1688-1737)  ( It has as a member )

Eslava de Lassaga, Sebastián de (1685-1759)  ( It has as a member )

Espinosa de los Monteros Peña, Félix (1720-1778)  ( It has as a member )

Fajardo Pimentel, Pedro (1602-1647)  ( It has as a member )

Fernández de Gorostiza, Pedro José (?-1794)  ( It has as a member )

Fernández de Hijar, Pedro Jorge  ( It has as a member )

Figueroa Torres, Gonzalo (1861-1921)  ( It has as a member )

Funes de Villalpando Abarca de Bolea, Ambrosio de (1720-1780)  ( It has as a member )

Girón Moctezuma Ahumada, José (1752-1815)  ( It has as a member )

Girón Moctezuma, Jerónimo (1741-1819)  ( It has as a member )

Godoy Tudó, Manuel de (1805-1871)  ( It has as a member )

Goicoechea Urrutia, Gaspar de (1780-1842)  ( It has as a member )

González de Aguilar, Manuel  ( It has as a member )

González de Castejón Salazar, Pedro (1719-1783)  ( It has as a member )

González de Ocón, Pedro (1592-1624)  ( It has as a member )

Goyeneche de Martiarena, José Ignacio de (1705-ca. 1776)  ( It has as a member )

Grandallana, Domingo de (1753-1807)  ( It has as a member )

Gravina, Federico (1756-1806)  ( It has as a member )

Grúa-Talamanca, Miguel de la (ca.1755-1812)  ( It has as a member )

Henríquez, Juan (ca. 1625-1689)  ( It has as a member )

Herrera Chacón, Miguel Antonio de  ( It has as a member )

Insausti Rodríguez, Juan de (ca.1575-1627)  ( It has as a member )

Jiménez de Cisneros, Benito (ca.1500-1562)  ( It has as a member )

Justiniani Echeverz, Francisco (1675-1739)  ( It has as a member )

Justiniani Echeverz, Pedro Antonio (1678-1710)  ( It has as a member )

Laso de Mendoza Franco, Melchor de  ( It has as a member )

Magallanes, Fernando de (ca. 1480-1521)  ( It has as a member )

Manrique de Zúñiga Sotomayor, Álvaro (ca. 1525-1604)  ( It has as a member )

Martínez de Pinillos Ugarte, Claudio Bernabé (1832-1858)  ( It has as a member )

Mendoza Luna, Juan de (1571-1628)  ( It has as a member )

Mendoza Pacheco, Antonio de (ca. 1490-1552)  ( It has as a member )

Molina Saurín, Alejo (1797-1865)  ( It has as a member )

Monreal Guzmán, José  ( It has as a member )

Muñiz Manjón, Alonso (1736-?)  ( It has as a member )

Muñoz de Baena Goyeneche, Ignacio (1821-1893)  ( It has as a member )

Núñez de Guzmán, Hernán (ca.1478-1553)  ( It has as a member )

Ontañón Enríquez Gutiérrez, Cristóbal de (1623-ca.1700)  ( It has as a member )

Ontañón Enríquez Gutiérrez, Nicolás de (1625-?)  ( It has as a member )

Ortiz de Rozas, Domingo (1683-1756)  ( It has as a member )

Palafox Rebolledo, Jaime (?-1625)  ( It has as a member )

Pardo de Figueroa de la Serna, Francisco (1830-?)  ( It has as a member )

Pignatelli Moncayo Aragón, Joaquín Atanasio (1724-1776)  ( It has as a member )

Pimentel de Herrera, Juan Alfonso (1553-1621)  ( It has as a member; es Trece de la Orden )

Porlier Sáenz de Asteguieta, Esteban de (1768-1836)  ( It has as a member )

Porlier Sáenz de Asteguieta, Rosendo José Antonio (1771-1819)  ( It has as a member )

Quevedo, Francisco de (1580-1645)  ( It has as a member; Comendador de la Orden )

Quiñones, Álvaro de (ca.1594-?)  ( It has as a member )

Quiroga, Rodrigo de (1512-1580)  ( It has as a member )

Ramírez de Arellano, Gil (ca. 1555-1618)  ( It has as a member )

Rodríguez Bejarano, Jacinto (1752-1820)  ( It has as a member )

Rubio Godar, José (1729-?)  ( It has as a member )

Rubio Peñaranda, Francisco (1700-1773)  ( It has as a member )

Ruiz de la Mota, García (?-ca. 1545)  ( It has as a member )

Sada, Diego de (¿-1672)  ( It has as a member )

Sáinz de los Terreros, Ramón (1871-1945)  ( It has as a member )

Sarmiento Toledo, Pedro (ca. 1635-1721)  ( It has as a member )

Scals, José de (1658-?)  ( It has as a member )

Scals Torres, Gaspar de  ( It has as a member )

Solano Bote, José (1726-1806)  ( It has as a member )

Solano Ortiz de Rozas, Francisco María (1768-1808)  ( It has as a member )

Suárez de Mendoza de la Cerda, Bernardino (?-1592)  ( It has as a member )

Thebussem, Doctor (1928-1918)  ( It has as a member )

Tilly García de Paredes, Francisco Javier Everardo (1711-1795)  ( It has as a member )

Ulloa, Antonio de (1716-1795)  ( It has as a member )

Valdivieso Azlor-Echeverz, Pedro Ignacio de (1744-1820)  ( It has as a member )

Vargas Mejía, Juan de (?-1580)  ( It has as a member )

Vega, Garcilaso de la (ca.1501-1536)  ( It has as a member )

Velasco Castilla, Luis (1539-1617)  ( It has as a member )

Velázquez, Diego (1599-1660)  ( It has as a member )

Vértiz Hontañón, Juan José de (1682-1738)  ( It has as a member )

Villagrá, Francisco de (1511-1563)  ( It has as a member )

Wall Purcell, Edward (ca. 1730-1793)  ( It has as a member )

External Links

Obras publicadas:

VIAF

Fichero de Autoridades:

Biblioteca Nacional de Espa¿a