Julia Alvarez Resano
Person - Álvarez Resano, Julia (1903-1948)

Álvarez Resano, Julia (1903-1948)




Preferred form:

Álvarez Resano, Julia (1903-1948)

Dates of existence/Biographical dates:

Villafranca (Navarra, España)  1903-08-10 - 1948-05-19


Spanish teacher, lawyer and deputy, exiled. She was born in Villafranca (Navarra). Between 1917 and 1921, she studied at the Normal School of Pamplona. Julia had worked as a teacher in Navarra and Vizcaya until she passed the public examinations to be a principal in 1934 in Madrid, working as that at the "Rosario Acuña" School Group. In 1927 she began a Law degree, and when she finished it, she worked as a legal adviser at the Farmers National Federation. Julia was a member of the Commission which organized the Socialist Party of Villafranca, set up in 1932, being the president of its Committee and vice-president of the Teachers Provincial Assembly of Navarra. Without any result, she stood in the 1933 general elections for Navarra and Guipúzcoa at PSOE. She joined the Socialist Party of Madrid in 1934, and a year later, she got married with Amancio Muñoz Zafra, a socialist lawyer, and both were elected deputies some months later. Julia was elected deputy in the 1936 general elections for Madird, and participated in the "Actas y Calidades" Commission, among others. She also was an acting member of the Courts Provincial Government from 1st October 1938 to February 1939.

During the Spanish Civil War, Julia was an acting official inspector of First Education in Madrid between 1936 to July 1937, Governor of Ciudad Real from 13th July 1937 to 28 March 1938, being the first woman to carry out this job in Spain, an acting judge of first instance in Alberique (Valencia) from March to August 1938, an acting Magistrate at the Treason and Espionage Central Court on August and September 1938, and at the end of the Civil War, she handled the Feminine Secretary's office at the PSOE Executive Committee.

Julia went into exile to France. Between 1944 to 1945, she published a seminar named "El Socialista", outside of "El Oficial", edited by the PSOE Executive Commission. She was ejected from PSOE in 1946 because she didn't join the Socialist Party of Toulouse, France. She moved to Mexico on May 1947, where she set up a law firm and headed the "Rimas" magazine. Finally, Julia dead on 19th May 1948 in Mexico.

She was re-admitted in an honorary and posthumous way to PSOE, thanks to the Canary Federation proposal at the XXXVII PSOE Congress held on July 2008.

Spanish Civil War, 1936-1939

Date of the event: 1936 - 1939



Inspectors  Obs.:  de enseñanza



Alberic (Valencia, España) between 1938-03-01 and 1938-08-31

Bizkaia (España) between 1921 and 1934 Obs.:  Ejerce como Maestra


Ciudad Real (España) between 1937-07-01 and 1938-03-31 Obs.:  Ejerce como Gobernadora civil


Madrid (España) in 1934

Navarra (España) between 1921 and 1934 Obs.:  Ejerce como maestra

Place of arrival:

Nuevo Laredo (Tamaulipas, México) in 1947-06-11

Lugar de Nacimiento:

Villafranca (Navarra, España) in 1903-08-10

Lugar de Defunci¿n:

Ciudad de México (México) in 1948-05-19




Related Authorities

España. Tribunal Central de Espionaje y Alta Traición  ( He/She works for )

Associative relations :

Partido Socialista Obrero Español  ( He/She is a member of )

Torquemada Romo, Francisco (1906-1962)  ( He/She represents )

Family relationships :

Muñoz de Zafra, Amancio (1894-1938)  - Marriage (He/She is married to)

External Links

Biografía virtual:

Diccionario biográfico de la RAH

Diccionario Biográfico del PSOE.:

Fundación Pablo Iglesias. Archivo