Corporate Body - Capitanía General de Filipinas (España)

Capitanía General de Filipinas (España)

Identification

Type:

Corporate Body

Preferred form:

Capitanía General de Filipinas (España)

Fechas de Existencia:

from 1574 to 1898

History:

The General Captain was the head of the administration that held the political military command. When the first audience was created and, then, the viceroyalty was established on land, the General Captaincies, which were entities of total administration, were settled in the geographic periphery of the colonies to govern and defend the new border territories. When Philippines was conquered in 1565, the territory was declared Government and General Captaincy that depended on the viceroyalty of New Spain in 1574. In 1584, the Audience of Manila, which was in charge of the Captaincy when it was vacant, was created; the Captain General was also the Governor and the President of the Royal Audience (until 1861). There were civil Captain Generals until 1822, when they all had to be soldiers. Throughout the second half of the 19th century, the Governments and Military Commands were established. They were many due to the high number of islands and the District's extension. After a long period of insurrection by the local population, the Spanish control over Philippines ended due to a short campaign against the United States of America in 1898.

Context:

Por Real Orden del Ministerio de Marina de 21-1-1899, se entregan al Archivo los papeles procedentes de Cuba, Puerto Rico y Filipinas que se habían repatriado ese mismo año. Este fondo se custodia en la sección de Ultramar del Archivo Histórico Nacional.

Sources

Código de Referencia de PARES: ES.28079.AHN/2.3.2.77//

External Links

Unidad descriptiva relacionada:

Censo-Guía de Archivos de España e Iberoamerica