Person - Pío VII (1742-1823, papa)

Pío VII (1742-1823, papa)

Identification

Type:

Person

Preferred form:

Pío VII (1742-1823, papa)Other forms

Fechas de existencia:

Cesena (Emilia-Romaña, Italia)  1742-08-14 - Rome  1823-08-20

History:

Pope. Son of Count Scipione Chiaramonti and the Marchioness Chini. Educated at the College for Noble Boys in Ravenna, he entered the Benedictine monastery of Santa Maria del Monte at the age of fourteen. Benedictine's cardinal and bishop of Imola. On 14 May 1800, he was chosen as the successor of Pío VI in a historical context of curia's division. There were two different groups: the zelanti, who were opposite to the revolutionary ideas of Europe, and the politicanti who were more practical with the new reality of Europe. His pontificate was not easy. After Napoleon became the first consul of France, he tried to have a good relationship with the Roman Church because of the consequences of the Civil Constitution of the Clergy in 1790, which had caused a schism in the French clergy. Because of that, they did a new concordat, and he accepted to the petition of Napoleon to be crowned by him. Although the Pope allowed him to do much in his papacy, that did not exempt him from suffering the consequences of the Napoleonic expansion in Europe. In 1809, after the advances of the French troops, he was in captivity until 1814. The Vienna Congress (1815) supposed the devolution of temporal power to the Pontifical States. Despite that, the Pope lived another revolutionary events like the Trienio Liberal in Spain (Liberal Triennium) (1820-1823), where people recognized the new liberal state supported by the Constitution of 1812. This revolutionary event affected Naples, and the Independence related to Ibero-Americans with the acceptance of the new republics in the times of his successor, León XII.

During his pontificate, new religion orders were re-established such as the Jesuits, which was authorized again in 1814, and new religious congregations appeared. One that stands out is the Marist Brothers, orientated toward education and missions; the Canossians, the Marist Brothers, or the Marianists.

Liberal Triennium, 1820-1823

Date of the event: 1820 - 1823

 

Places

Lugar de Nacimiento:

Cesena (Emilia-Romaña, Italia) in 1742-08-14

Lugar de Defunción:

Rome in 1823-08-20

Subjects

sexo:

Varón

Sources

Barrio Gozalo, Maximiliano. Diccionario de los Papas y Concilios. 3ª ed. act.. javier Paredes (director), Maximiliano Barrio ... [et al.] ; prólogo del Cardenal Antonio María Rouco Varela. Barcelona: Ariel. 2005. 748 p.. 84-344-6784-4.

Related Authorities

Bardají Azara, Eusebio de (1766-1842)

Associative relations :

Napoleón I (1769-1821, emperador de Francia)  ( Es enemigo/ está enfrentado con/ esta la oposición de )

External Links

Catálogo de Autoridades:

VIAF

Fichero de Autoridades:

Biblioteca Nacional de España