Spanish Archives - Ministry of Education, Culture and Sport

Person - Pozzo, María Victoria del (1847-1876, reina consorte de España)

Pozzo, María Victoria del (1847-1876, reina consorte de España)

Identification

Type:

Person

Preferred form:

Pozzo, María Victoria del (1847-1876, reina consorte de España)Other forms

Dates of existence/Biographical dates:

París (Isla de Francia, Francia)  1847-08-09 - San Remo (Liguria, Italia)  1870-11-08

History:

First child of Carlo Emanuele dal Pozzo, V prince della Cisterna, and Louise Caroline Ghislaine de Merode-Westerloo.

Between 1870 and 1873 she was Queen Consort of Spain when her husband occupied the vacant throne offered to him by General Juan Prim before his assassination. She Hispanicized her name and that of her three children, who came to hold the offices of Prince of Asturias and Infantes of Spain.

Settled in Madrid, she was not interested in politics and channeled all her efforts into various charitable works typical of the consorts of the time. Thanks to her economic contribution, she was able to inaugurate the first nursery that was opened in Spain, dedicated to washerwomen's children who worked on the banks of the Manzanares River. It was inaugurated under the name of "Casa del Príncipe", under the patronage of Prince of Asturias, who dedicated his assignment as heir to this work.

She maintained common interests with the Spanish writer Concepción Arenal, who acted as an intermediary in various works; she continued until the last moment of her life helping poor Spaniards, with the requirement that donations would be anonymous. During several months Concepción Arenal received frequent money orders with notes signed by V.P.M., initials of Victoria dal Pozzo Mérode.

During her reign as consort the Civil Order of María Victoria was created, instituted by Royal Decree of 7 July 1871, which rewarded the eminent services rendered to public instruction, either by creating, endowing or improving educational establishments, publishing scientific, literary or artistic works of recognised merit, or otherwise promoting sciences, arts, literature or industry. At this time, the Minister of Public Works was Manuel Ruiz Zorrilla, who was a great promoter of the creation of this order.

This order (something unusual for that time) was not exclusively masculine, since two women were granted the second class cross; one of them was María Báscuas and Colón, primary school teacher in Pontevedra, who published a treatise on arithmetic of renown importance, "Aritmética para uso de las escuelas de instrucción primaria".

After the overthrow of the monarchy in Spain, the queen went into exile in Portugal a few days after giving birth to her last offspring. She died in Villa Dufour, San Remo when she was twenty-nine. She was buried in the Superga Basilica in Turin, where there is an epitaph of gratitude for the washerwomen of Madrid, Barcelona, Valencia, Alicante, and Tarragona.

Places

Lugar de Nacimiento:

París (Isla de Francia, Francia) in 1847-08-09

Lugar de Defunción:

San Remo (Liguria, Italia) in 1870-11-08

Sources

RUBIO ARAGONÉS, M.J. Reinas de España, Siglos XVIII-XXI, de María Luisa Gabriela de Saboya a Letizia Ortíz.-Madrid, La Esfera de los Libros, 2009. P. 625-669

FERRERA CUESTA, C. Diccionario de Historia de España.-Madrid: Alianza Editorial, 2005.

Historia de España fundada por Ramón Menéndez Pidal. Dir José María Jover Zamora. La Era Isabelina y el Sexenio Democrático (1834-1874), por J.T. Villarroya, J. Aróstegui Sánchez, F. Tomás y Valiente et al.Tomo XXXIII.- Madrid: Espasa Calpe, 1989.

Related Authorities

Family relationships :

Amadeo I (1845-1890, rey de España)  - Marriage (He/She is married to)

Reina consorte de España  ( Ocupa /Ejerce de_en )

Charge :

Documents

Producer of:

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Related documents:

  • Archivo Histórico Nacional  (4)