Spanish Archives - Ministry of Education, Culture and Sport
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Drawing of a diving bell aimed to rescue objects from the sea bottom, invented by José Bono, born in Palermo.

Archivo General de Indias

Identity statement area

Supplied Title:

Drawing of a diving bell aimed to rescue objects from the sea bottom, invented by José Bono, born in Palermo.

Reference number:


Date of creation:

Known 1583

Level of description:

Unidad Documental Simple_en

Reference code:


Location in the archive classification scheme:

Archivo General de Indias     Mapas, planos, documentos iconográficos y documentos especiales     Ingenios y muestras


Biography / Administrative history:

The Royal and Supreme Council of the Indies was established in 1524 as the highest corporate authority for the governance and management of the New World.

Founded by Charles I, following the model of the Council of Castile, it exerted absolute jurisdiction over the whole territory and its inhabitants and had the ability to rule and execute any kind of well-aimed norm. Only the authority of the King himself was above the rule of the council.

The Council was named Royal, because it was its mission to assist and act with the King; Universal, because it had jurisdiction over any issue throughout the whole Indies; and finally, Supreme, because its authority was the highest, with the sole exception of the King.

It definitively went extinct by Royal Decree on march 24th 1834, by which the Supreme Court of Spain and the Indies -for civil and criminal matters- and the Royal Council of Spain and the Indies as an advisory institution to be consulted by the State Secretaries on important matters belonging to their departments.

Name of the creator(s):

Consejo de Indias (España)

Content and Structure

Scope and Content:

Explanation in the file that accompanies

Diving gadget that can be used in shipwrecks and pearl fishing.

Pearl fishing was an economic activity developed by the Spaniards in America since the 16th century and an important source of income for the Royal Treasury. It was done by indigenous divers and later by Africans. A series of artifacts with different breathing systems were developed in order to achieve greater permanence of the diver under the water.

Conditions of Access and Use

General Conditions of Access:

©MECD. Archivos Estatales (España). La difusión de la información descriptiva y de las imágenes digitales de este documento ha sido autorizada por el titular de los derechos de propiedad intelectual exclusivamente para uso privado y para actividades de docencia e investigación. En ningún caso se autoriza su reproducción con finalidad lucrativa ni su distribución, comunicación pública y transformación por cualquier medio sin autorización expresa y por escrito del propietario.

Description Indices:
State of conservation:


Related documentation

Medium/Archival Material:

Microfilm microfilm unit Digitized contains digitized images

Other Related Units:

Forma parte de expediente promovido en 1582 por José Bono, siciliano natural de Palermo, sobre concesión de privilegio de patente para usar en España y en América un vaso o artificio que inventó para estar debajo del agua y sacar perlas y todas las demás cosas que se pueden hallar en el mar. El expediente incluye dicho privilegio expedido por el Rey Felipe II (Lisboa, 27 de febrero de 1582). PATRONATO, 260,N.1,R.10



This document was pre-selected for EUROPEAN DISCOVERIES: FROM THE NEW WORLD TO NEW TECHNOLOGIES, exhibition of the "European Digital Treasures" project, funded by the European Union's Creative Europe Programme.

Extent and medium

1 Dibujo(s) on Papel_en .  1 hoja. 


Original Scale: 5 palmos [de 226 mm] [=175 mm]

Technique used: Manuscrito, a pluma