Person - Nariño Álvarez del Casal, Antonio (1765-1823)

Nariño Álvarez del Casal, Antonio (1765-1823)




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Nariño Álvarez del Casal, Antonio (1765-1823)Other forms

Dates of existence/Biographical dates:

Santa Fe de Bogotá (archidiócesis, jurisdicción antigua, Colombia)  1765-04-09 - 1823-12-13


Antonio Amador José de Nariño y Álvarez del Casal (Santa Fé de Bogotá, April, 1765 - Villa de Leyva, December 13, 1823). He was a politician and a Colombian soldier. He played a decisive role in the independence of the Viceroyalty of New Granada, territory that would become in Colombia. -Third Incumbent President of the Republic of Colombia: September 20, 1811 ? August 31, 1813. -President of Cundinamarca: September 30, 1813 - 1815. In 1789, he was ordinary Mayor of his town and treasurer of tithes. In 1794 he translated and published the "Declaration of the Man and Citizen Rights", but he was captured that same year. In 1795, he was deported to Cadiz, and in March 1796 he escaped and went to Madrid for the clemency of the King, but when he did not obtain it, he ran away to France and then to Britain. In 1797, with the support of the British Government, he returned to Venezuela, in order to promote the insurrection against the Spanish authorities (July). But he was arrested again and imprisoned; he was imprisoned from 1797 to 1803 and then he was deported to Cartagena in 1809. He was released because of the revolutionary events of July 20, 1810. He returned to Bogotá (December 8), where intervened in the internal struggles of the Patriot side and drove a centralist system, whose central core would be the ancient capital of the Viceroyalty. In 1811, on September 19, after moving the moderate Jorge Tadeo Lozano (1771-1816), federalist, President of Cundinamarca, to which attacked from the newspaper "La Bagatela", and after the mutiny of September, he was proclaimed as President of the State. In 1813, his performance caused a civil war between the supporters of the Congress and the province of Cundinamarca, which ended with the defeat of the federalists facing Bogotá (January 13) and the ratification of Nariño as President of Cundinamarca (June 4). He was appointed General of the United army of Cundinamarca (June 28). After his victory, he had to face with the realist pressure that threat from Pasto and Popayan. The Congress, at his request, proclaimed that the United Provinces of New Granada was separated definitively of Spain (July 16). He defeated the royalists in Alto de Palacé (November 30). In 1814, he defeated the royalists in Calibió (January) and Tacines (May 9); but he was defeated in his attempt to seized Pasto (May 10), falling in the power of the royalists (May 14). In 1816, he was moved to Cádiz and released on March 13, 1820. In 1821, he returned to New Granada (March), where was embraced by Simón Bolívar (1783-1830) who granted him the rank of General. He was appointed Vice-President of Colombia (May). He defended at the Congress of Cúcuta a federalist program, but after the adoption of the centralist regime, he resigned from the Vice Presidency (July 5).

Liberal Triennium, 1820-1823

Date of the event: 1820 - 1823






Related Authorities

Palacios Blanco, Esteban (1767-1830)  ( He/She/It collaborated with )

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