Person - Murra, John Victor (1916-2006)

Murra, John Victor (1916-2006)




Preferred form:

Murra, John Victor (1916-2006)Other forms

Fechas de existencia:

Odessa  1916-08-24 - New York  2006-10-16 (Falleció en Ithaca (Nueva York))


John Victor Murra was born Isak Lipschitz on August 24, 1916, in Odessa, Ukraine. He grew up and studied in Bucharest, Romania. He got expelled from his high school last year for belonging to the Social Democratic Party. Eventually, he graduated and worked in paper factories in Romania and in Croatia. When the Spanish Civil War started, he was married, living in Chicago, Illinois, and a member of the Young Communist League since 1933. He studied archeology at the University of Chicago and graduated in 1936.

He sailed on February 20, 1937, aboard the “Ile de France”. He served with the International Brigade's apparatus in Perpignon, France, assisting the smuggling of volunteers into Spain. He entered Spain in April 1937, served in the General Staff of the International Brigade as interpreter and aide. Later, he worked with a Bulgarian Officer, also as an interpreter and finally in Company 3 of the Lincoln-Washington Battalion with the rank of Corporal. He was wounded on July 28, 1938, in the Ebro Offensive. After recovery, he was discharge from the Republican Army and, after spending some time in a concentration camp in France, he returned to US in June 1939.

After completing his Master’s degree in 1942 he started interviewing Abraham Lincoln Brigade veterans for a project involving soldiers’ reactions to battlefield conditions. The results were published in 1943 under the title “Fear in Battle”. In 1946 Murra was turned down for U.S. citizenship, so he went to South America where he taught at several universities, including the University of Puerto Rico and Vassar College. He spent two years in the late 1950s teaching and doing archival research in Peru. Eventually, he was granted citizenship in 1950.

In 1968 Murra continued his studies on Andean societies at Cornell University. After he retired in 1982, Murra remained active in international professional societies. He died on October 16, 2006, at the age of 90, in Ithaca, New York.

Spanish Civil War, 1936-1939

Date of the event: 1936 - 1939





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Lugar de Residencia:

Estados Unidos

Lugar de Nacimiento:

Odessa in 1916-08-24

Lugar de Defunción:

New York in 2006-10-16









Martínez Reverte, Jorge (2014), Martínez Reverte, Jorge, Guerrilleros y traidores. De la guerra de España a la guerra fría. Madrid, Círculo de Lectores, 2014

Martínez Reverte, Jorge (2014), Martínez Reverte, Jorge, Guerrilleros y traidores. De la guerra de España a la guerra fría. Madrid, Círculo de Lectores, 2014

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