Person - Esteva Fabregat, Claudio (1918-2017)

Esteva Fabregat, Claudio (1918-2017)

Identification

Type:

Person

Preferred form:

Esteva Fabregat, Claudio (1918-2017)Alternative forms (other languages) Other forms

Dates of existence/Biographical dates:

1918-11-11 - Barcelona (España)  2017-09-04

History:

Spanish anthropologist and historian of indigenous American culture that was exiled. He was born in Marseille (France) in 1918. He was member of a metal and textile workers family in Barcelona. He made his basic studies in the public school, achieving great grades. His father died when he was 10 years old, and his mother maintained him with difficulties until she married again. The relationship with his stepfather was a difficult one and had its influence on his adolescence. He started working at the age of 14 in several jobs. In 1936, he started to play professional football and came into contact with the Anarcho-syndicalists. He played football and worked in a factory at the same time.

He joined the "Juventudes Socialistas de Cataluña" (JSUC), in which he worked as Secretary of Organization and Propaganda, and served in the Aragón front during the Spanish Civil War. After the fall of Catalonia, he exiled in France and was sent to Saint-Cyprien concentration camp. He was able to move to Mexico on board "Sinaia" ship in 1939. He had there several jobs, like textile seller, professional football player and football coach in Puebla. He entered in 1947 the National School of Anthropology and History (ENAH) in Mexico City, where he graduated in 1954. Pere Bosch i Gimpera and Juan José Comas Camps were his teachers in the ENAH. He also approached psychoanalysis studies along with Erich From and was teacher in the UNAM (National Autonomous University of Mexico). After making a Master of Anthropological Sciences and Ethnology, he focused on studying the Toltec and Aztec cultures of Mexico.

He went back to Spain in 1956 and settled in Madrid. He validated his studies making a degree and a PhD, and after several field researchs in Equatorial Guinea and Sayago (Zamora), he was designated director of the National Museum of Ethnology in 1965. He married the anthropologist Berta Alcañiz and had three children. After working in the "Universidad Central de Madrid" in 1968, he obtained a place as Ethnology associate professor in the University of Barcelona. In the same year, he was in charge of the direction of the Spanish National Research Council (CSIC) in Barcelona until he retired.

He founded in 1971, within CSIC context, the "Ethnica" anthropology magazine, the first magazine specialized in anthropolgy created in Spain. Along with the students of the "Escuela de Estudios Antropológicos" and the "Centro de Etnología Peninsular", he trained the first class of social and cultural anthropologists of Spain. He was designated in 1972 professor of Cultural Anthropology in the University of Barcelona, the first one ever established in Spain.

After his retirement in 1986, he was designated professor emeritus. He went back to Mexico, where he was professor and researcher of "El Colegio" of Jalisco, and president of the "Asociación de Amistad México-Cataluña" since 1991.

Sinaia (barco de vapor)

Date of the event: 1924 - 1946-12-09

 
Spanish Civil War, 1936-1939

Date of the event: 1936 - 1939

 
Sinaia (barco de vapor)

Date of the event: 1939-05-25

Location associated with the date: Sète (Hérault, Francia)

 
Sinaia (barco de vapor)

Description: fue Secretario de Organización y Propaganda y combatió en el frente de Aragón.

Date of the event: 1939-06-13

Location associated with the date: Veracruz (México)

 
Spanish Civil War, 1936-1939

Description: Participa en la Guerra, en el Frente de Aragón

Date of the event: 1936 - 1939

 

Occupations

Antropólogos  Obs.:  antropólogo e historiador

Professors between 1972 and 1986 Obs.:  Cátedra de Antrapología Cultural

Profession (carried on by):

Antropólogos  Obs.:  antropólogo e historiador

Profession (carried on by):

Professors between 1972 and 1986 Obs.:  Cátedra de Antrapología Cultural

(Function) He/She carries out/ perform:

College teachers

Places

Aragón (España)  Obs.:  Participa en la Guerra, en el Frente de Aragón

Domicile:

Barcelona (España) in 1918

Place of arrival:

Saint-Cyprien (Pirineos Orientales, Francia)  Obs.:  Campo de concentración en el que estuvo internado

Sayago in 1956

Aragón (España) in 1936 Obs.:  Participa en la Guerra, en el Frente de Aragón

Sayago in 1956

Lugar de Defunción:

Barcelona (España) in 2017-09-04

Subjects

Gender:

Varón

He/She is a:

Labour unions members

It belongs to:

Anarchism

Sources

Esteva Fabregat, Claudio. Aub, Elena. Tuñon, Enriqueta. Proyecto de Historia Oral "Refugiados Españoles en México", Archivo de la Palabra, Instituto Nacional de Antropología e Historia (INAH), México : entrevista a Claudio Esteva Fabregat. realizada por Elena Aub y Enriqueta Tuñón [para el Instituto Nacional de Antropología E Historia De México En Colaboración Con el Ministerio De Cultura de España]. [s.L.: S.N.]: 1981]. 284 P.

Pla Brugat, Dolores. Catálogo del fondo de historia oral : refugiados españoles en México : Archivo de la Palabra. 1ª ed.. Dolores Pla Brugat (coordinadora). México D.F.: Instituto Nacional de Antropología e Historia. 2011. 1 CD-ROM. 978-607-484-184-8.

Related Authorities

Joventuts Socialistes Unificades de Catalunya. Comité Local de Barcelona (España)  ( He/She is a member of )

Associative relations :

Junta de Auxilio a los Republicanos Españoles  ( He/She is a member of; Es beneficiario de ayuda )

Servicio de Evacuación de Refugiados Españoles  ( He/She is a member of; Es beneficiario de ayuda )

Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México  ( He/She works for )

Documents

Producer of:

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