Person - Esturau Calvo, Ramón (1909-2002)

Esturau Calvo, Ramón (1909-2002)

Identification

Type:

Person

Preferred form:

Esturau Calvo, Ramón (1909-2002)

Dates of existence/Biographical dates:

Brión (A Coruña, España)  1909-12-31 - 2002

History:

Galician soldier and politician that was exiled. He was born in Vidaloíso (Brión, A Coruña) in 1909, son of peasants. He studied the higher secondary-education course in Santiago de Compostela and later made a Laws degree in the University of the same city. He participated in the FUE ("Fundacion Universidad Empresa"). When the II Republic started, he joined the Republican Left and later in 1933, joined "Vanguardia de Izquierda Republicana". When the Spanish Civil War started, he moved to Cuba the 21st September 1936. One year later, he came back taking part in the dissolution of the "Consejo Comunismo Libertario de Aragón". He participated in the war as soldier and was designated by Enrique Lister Head of Organisation of the XI Division and the V Force. He served in the Aragón and Catalonia fronts.

The occupation of Catalonia started at the end of 1938 and Esturau went to the French border line and entered the country through Coll de Banyols (Girona). He was accused of contraband and imprisoned three months in Perpignan and three months in Montpellier as well. He finally entered Agde concentration camp. Thanks to the help of the Survival, Evasion, Resistance and Escape (SERE), he managed to embark "Ipanema" ship in Bordeaux. He arrived to Veracruz and moved to Mexico City.

Once there, he carried out along with other fellow countrymen in different professional activities until he finally joined the Remintong Rand. He married Adela Santaló, who was also a Spanish exiled. He did not particpate in any other political activity and came back to Spain after Franco's death, but only for a visit. He setelled in Guadalajara (Jalisco), and kept managing his business, though he already retired. He died in 2002.

Spanish Civil War, 1936-1939

Date of the event: 1936 - 1939

 

Occupations

Commercial agents in  México between 1940 and 2002

Places

La Habana in 1936-09-21

Aragón (España) between 1937 and 1938

Cataluña (España) between 1937 and 1938

Montpellier (Hérault, Francia)  Obs.:  ingresa en la cárcel de la localidad

Place of departure:

Burdeos (Gironda, Francia) in 1939-07-07

Place of arrival:

Veracruz (estado, México) in 1939-07-01

Domicile:

Guadalajara (Jalisco, México) in 1976

Lugar de Nacimiento:

Brión (A Coruña, España) in 1909-12-31

Lugar de Defunci¾n:

Ciudad de México (México) in 2002

Subjects

Gender:

Varón

Sources

. Pla Brugat, Dolores. Catálogo del fondo de historia oral : refugiados españoles en México : Archivo de la Palabra. 1ª ed.. Dolores Pla Brugat (coordinadora). México D.F.: Instituto Nacional de Antropología e Historia. 2011. 1 CD-ROM. 978-607-484-184-8.

Esturau, Ramón. Proyecto de Historia Oral "Refugiados Españoles en México", Archivo de la Palabra, Instituto Nacional de Antropología e Historia (INAH), México : entrevista al señor Ramón Esturau. realizada... ror Dolores Pla [Para el Instituto Nacional de Antropología E Historia de México En Colaboración Con el Ministerio de Cultura de España]. [s.L.: S.N.]: 1979]. 226 H..

Related Authorities

Alternative identity relationships :

Federación Universitaria Escolar (España)  (He/She is a member of)

Izquierda Republicana (España)  (He/She is a member of)

Líster, Enrique (1907-1994)  (He/She/It collaborated with; Cuadro militar superior.)

Servicio de Evacuación de Refugiados Españoles  (He/She is the owner/beneficiary/president of)

Campo de concentración de Agde (Hèrault, Francia)  (Es ingresado en 1939, en su exilio en Francia.)

Family relationships :

Santaló Cortina, Adelina (1922-?)  - Marriage (He/She is married to)

Santalo Cortina, Juana (1924-?)  - Collateral (He/She is my brother-in-law/sister-in-law)

Santalo Cortina, Miguel (1928-?)  - Collateral (He/She is my brother-in-law/sister-in-law)

Santaló Parvorell, Miquel (1887-1962)  - Collateral (He/She is the Son-in-law/daughter-in-law of)

Documents

Producer of:

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