Spanish Archives - Ministry of Education, Culture and Sport

Person - Álvarez Pastor, Joaquín (1885-1950)

Álvarez Pastor, Joaquín (1885-1950)




Preferred form:

Álvarez Pastor, Joaquín (1885-1950)

Dates of existence/Biographical dates:

Málaga (España)  1885-04-03 - Ciudad de México (México)  1950


Spanish professor, pedagogue and writer, exiled. According to the migration file kept, he was born in Malaga in 1885, although other sources indicate the year 1881. He graduated from high school at the High School of Malaga on the 27th June, 1900. Between 1903 and 1908 he studied engineering in Madrid. Later, between 1909 and 1913, he finished the degree of Philosophy and Literature in four academic years, in the Universities of Madrid and Granada. He received his doctorate in Philosophy and Literature, Philosophy section, on the 28th June, 1915.

He was granted with an internship by the “Junta para Ampliación de Estudios en Francia y Alemania” (Board for the Extension of Studies in France and Germany). He sent diverse articles from Berlin to the magazine España, run by Manuel Azaña.

He was a secondary school teacher in Leon, of the Luis Vives of Valencia and the Pérez Galdós of Madrid.

In 1931, he was appointed counsellor of Public Instruction by the provisional Republic government, taking part in the section of the second lesson, business schools and other special ones. On the 14th September of that year, he was designated member of the National Board of the party “Acción Republicana” (Republican Action), headed by Manuel Azaña.

In March, 1932, the ministry, on the motion of the rector of the University of Valencia, appointed him member of the Council of Culture of Valencia. He was also member of the Regional Council for the substitution of the second lesson of the religious orders in Catalonia.

In October 1933, the section of Second lesson of the National Council of Culture named him director of the just founded Institute Perez Galdós of Madrid, to organize its installations and its teachings.

He was part, as a member of Acción Republicana, of the candidacy of a left-wing group for the elections to the Congress of Deputies.

After the Popular Front’s victory, he joined the Board that administered the goods seized to the Company of Jesus as representative of the Public Instruction Ministry.

On the 29th July, 1939, the new Franco regimen separated him from the service and discharged him from the professors’ hierarchy. On the 16th June, 1941, the Comisión Depuradora (Cleansing Commission) of Madrid proposed his definitive segregation from the professors’ group, measure ratified by the superior commission that determined the records cleaning on the 16th September, 1941.

Once the Civil War was over, he went into exile to Mexico. He arrived in July, 1939, when he was single and 54 years old. He travelled with his two sisters, Adela and María del Rosario Álvarez Pastor. In his file card he declared to be a business manager. He got a working permission in December of 1939. He dedicated himself to teaching, becoming the first director of the High School Luis Vives, one of the main teaching establishment created by the republicans exiled in Mexico D.F. He was nationalized Mexican in October of 1940. He passed away in 1950.

Spanish Civil War, 1936-1939

Date of the event: 1936 - 1939

República Española, 1931-1939

Description: Consejero de Instrucción Pública en 1931, miembro del Patronato de Cultura de Valencia en 1932, miembro del consejo regional de Cataluña. Formó parte de la Junta administradora de los bienes incautados a la Compañía de Jesús como representante del Ministerio de Instrucción Pública.



Consejeros  Obs.:  en enseñanza



Germany between 1912 and 1916 Obs.:  lectorado


Cataluña (España) in 1932 Obs.:  Colabora con el Consejo Regional de Enseñanza


France in 1910 Obs.:  Lectorado


Madrid (España) in 1903

Place of arrival:

Nuevo Laredo (Tamaulipas, México) in 1939-07-03

València (España) in 1932 Obs.:  colabora en el Patronato de Cultura de la ciudad.

Lugar de Nacimiento:

Málaga (España) in 1885-04-03

Lugar de Defunción:

Ciudad de México (México) in 1950




Related Authorities

Acción Republicana (España)  ( He/She is a member of )

Associative relations :

Azaña, Manuel (1880-1940)  ( He/She is friend with )

España. Embajada en Noruega (Oslo, Noruega)  ( He/She works for )

Instituto Luis Vives (Ciudad de México, México)  ( He/She works for )

Junta para la Ampliación de Estudios e Investigaciones Científicas (España)  ( He/She is the owner/beneficiary/president of )

Universidad Central (Madrid, España)  ( Se forma en la Institución. )

Universidad de Granada (España)  ( Se formó en la Institución. )

Frente Popular (España)


Family relationships :

Álvarez Pastor, Adela (1888-?)  - Collateral (He/She is the brother/sister of)

Álvarez Pastor, María del Rosario (1900-?)  - Collateral (He/She is the brother/sister of)


Producer of:

  • No Units of Description associated.

Related documents:

  • Centro Documental de la Memoria Histórica  (3)
  • Archivo Histórico Nacional  (1)