Josefina Oliva de Coll
Person - Oliva de Coll, Josefina (1912-2007)

Oliva de Coll, Josefina (1912-2007)




Preferred form:

Oliva de Coll, Josefina (1912-2007)Other forms

Fechas de existencia:

Reus (Tarragona, España)  1912 - Ciudad de México (México)  2007


Spanish geographer, archaeologist and historian, exiled in Mexico after the Spanish Civil War. Daughter of Josep Oliva Vilanoca and Francesca Teixell Marcó- She was married to Antonio Coll Maroto, an activist in the PSOE, the Spanish socialist party, and during the war, an officer in the secretary of the Court of Espionage and High Treason of Catalonia. Mother of María Francisca Atlántida, geographer and professor in the Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México (UNAM). In 1933, she graduated in Geography and History by the Universidad de Zaragoza, and worked as Geography teacher at the baccalaureate of the high school of Seo de Urgel (Lérida) and Barcelona. In 1939, along with the entrance of the Francoist troops in Catalonia, she left with her husband to France, settling in Paris until the arrival of the Nazi troops. Later on, they went to Marseille, and, on board of the Alsina ship (the one took by the Republic president, Niceto Alcalá Zamora at the same time), on 15 January 1941, they were headed to the Martinique Island. Their goal was arriving to Rio de Janeiro, but finally, the French Government of Vichy did not grant to the ship the certificate allowing its travel throughout the Atlantic Ocean. As such, they had to remain in Dakar for 6 moths, where, due to her advanced pregnancy, she gave birth to her daughter Atlántida on 28 May 1941. In latter July, the Alsina ship arrived to Casablanca (Morocco), and three months later, they could finally arrive to Mexico, passing though New York, on board of the Monterrey ship. They reached the port of Veracruz (Mexico), on 15 October 1941. In her immigrants registry sheet, her referral is Indalecio Prieto. Once in the exile, the whole family was granted with aids from the JARE (Board of Assistance to Spanish Republicans). In Mexico, she joined the workforce of the Instituto Luis Vives, as Geography teacher. As of the 50s, she also taught in the Academia Hispano Mexicana and in the Escuela Nacional Preparatoria. Later on she received the Mexican nationality. In 1945, her likeness for the Mexican archaeology made her joined the Escuela Nacional de Antropología e Historia, in order to study. It was there, where she met the French anthropologist Laurette Sejourné. They shared a great friendship, and worked together from time to time (she translated some of her books), finally publishing two books together: "Terra Ignota: la Geografía de América Latina a Través de Cronistas de lso siglos XVI y XVII" (1986), and "La resistencia indígena ante la conquista" (1991). In 1966, she returned to Reus for visiting her daughter, and contacted with Salvador Vilaseca, known and prestigious historian, later collaborator of Bosch Gimpera, and they forged a friendship. There are seven letters sent by Oliva to Vilaseca and his wife, from América, kept in the Museo de Reus, written between December 1967 and December 1973. She collaborated in very diverse publications with Marcel Santaló, with the edition of pedagogic books, such as: "Nociones de geografía física" (1958), "Geografía física y humana" (1965), and "El universo y sus misterios: Introducción a la astronomía" (1988, published only by her). Moreover, in 1983, she participated in the organization of the exhibition called "El exilio español en México", prepared in Madrid by the Spanish Ministry of Culture, along with some Mexican institutions and other Spanish exiles. She is mentioned in the catalog "El exilio español en Mexico. La aportación catalana", edition exhibited in Barcelona in 1984. Her professional activity ended in 1987. She passed away in Mexico City with 95 years old.

Spanish Civil War, 1936-1939

Date of the event: 1936 - 1939

Location associated with the date: Francia

Alsina (barco de vapor)

Description: Expedición marítima que salió de Marsella (Francia) el 15 de enero de 1941 con dirección a isla Martinica pero que tuvo que permanecer en Dakar al denegarse el certificado para cruzar el Atlántico por cuestiones políticas

Date of the event: 1941-01-15

Location associated with the date: Marsella (Bocas del Ródano, Francia)

Monterrey (barco de vapor)

Description: Expedición marítima que hizo escala en Nueva York, desde Casablanca (Marruecos) y llegó al puerto de Veracruz (México) el 15 de octubre de 1941

Date of the event: 1941-10-15

Location associated with the date: Veracruz (México)



En 1936 acudió como doctoranda al Archivo Histórico Nacional (AHN) de Madrid para investigar sobre Paleografía y Diplomática en la época de los Condes Catalanes.


Profesión (Es realizada por):


Profesión (Es realizada por):


Profesión (Es realizada por):


(Función) Desempeña/lleva a cabo/realiza:


(Función) Desempeña/lleva a cabo/realiza:



Lugar de Residencia:

Ciudad de México (México)

Lugar de Residencia:

París (Francia)

Lugar de Partida:

Marsella (Bocas del Ródano, Francia) in 1941-01-15 Obs.:  Embarca en el vapor Alsina hacia Isla Martinica pero desembarca en Dakar.

Lugar de Llegada:

Dakar (Senegal)  Obs.:  Desembarca en el Alsina y durante seis meses tienen que residir en esta ciudad.

Lugar de Nacimiento:

Reus (Tarragona, España) in 1912

Lugar de Defunción:

Ciudad de México (México) in 2007

Related Authorities

Archivo Histórico Nacional (Madrid, España)  ( Es usuario de )

Associative relations :

Instituto Luis Vives (Ciudad de México, México)  ( Es empleado en/trabaja en; Fue profesora de geografía )

Junta de Auxilio a los Republicanos Españoles  ( Es titular de/ es beneficiario de/ es el presidente de )

Universidad de Zaragoza (España)  ( Se le concede el título de; Licenciada en Geografía e Historia en 1933. )

Family relationships :

Coll Maroto, Antonio (1902-1958)  - Marriage (Esta casado/a con)

External Links

Catálogo de Autoridades:


Fichero de Autoridades:

Biblioteca Nacional de España


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