Corporate Body - Asociación de Amigos de la Unión Soviética

Asociación de Amigos de la Unión Soviética

Identification

Type:

Corporate Body

Preferred form:

Asociación de Amigos de la Unión SoviéticaOther forms

Fechas de Existencia:

from 1933-02-11 to 1939-03-31

History:

The Spanish Association of Friends of the Soviet Union, officially known as Asociación de Amigos de la Unión Soviética or AUS, was the national section of the International Association of Friends of the Soviet Union. The latter was an organism created by the Comintern (Communist International) on the occasion of the ten-year anniversary of the Revolution in 1927. It had a twofold purpose, namely, to share the Soviet Union’s success and progress and to shed light over the lies and defamations against the Soviet State and the revolution. The intellectuals who constituted its foundational core, including Gregorio Marañon, Pío Baroja, Valle-Inclán, Victoria Kent, Jacinto Benavente, Victor Macho, Augusto Barcia Trelles, Luis Jiménez de Asua and Wenceslao Roces Suarez could have been allegedly linked to the Communist Party. Its first national congress was held in 1934, with Benigno Rodríguez replacing Félix Barzana in his role of secretary-general.

Its statutes were approved during the second National Conference of the AUS, held in Valencia on the 10th and 11th July, 1937. The Association was thereby defined as an antifascist organization, which would not take into consideration the political or religious leanings of its members. The National Executive Committee was conferred the role of the highest organizational body and it was staffed by a secretary-general, a treasurer, and three members of the national committee. This committee was the sovereign in the annual reunions of the National Conference attended by regional and provincial federations, as well as by the local departments that were entitled to speak but not to vote.

The AUS distributed the magazine VOKS, edited by the National Society of International Cultural Relations dependent on the Ministry of External Relations of the USSR, and published the magazine “Rusia de Hoy” (from Spanish “Present-day Russia”). The civil war boosted the propaganda activities of the AUS, which organized events, radio programs and soviet films. The AUS reached its peak with the planification of the commemorative ceremony to celebrate the 20th anniversary of the USSR.

Alongside other organizations linked to the Popular Front, the AUS was declared illegal by the rebels and its properties were confiscated in accordance with Decree Nº 108 on the 13th September 1936 issued by the Junta Técnica de Estado.

Spanish Civil War, 1936-1939

Date of the event: 1936 - 1939

 

Sources

Garrido Caballero, Magdalena. Las relaciones entre España y la Unión Soviética a través de las Asociaciones de Amistad en el siglo XX. [Tesis doctoral]. María Encarna Nicolás Marín (directora de la tesis). Murcia: Universidad de Murcia. 2006.

VÁZQUEZ LIÑÁN. Miguel. La propaganda soviética en la Guerra Civil Española. La Asociación de Amigos de la Unión Soviética. Disponible en: dialnet.unirioja.es/servlet/fichero_articulo?codigo=1183085 [Consulta: 4 agosto 2011]

VÁZQUEZ LIÑÁN. Miguel. La propaganda soviética en la Guerra Civil Española. La Asociación de Amigos de la Unión Soviética. Disponible en: dialnet.unirioja.es/servlet/fichero_articulo?codigo=1183085 [Consulta: 4 agosto 2011]

Vázquez Liñan, Miguel. La propaganda soviética en la Guerra Civil Española: la Asociación de Amigos de la Unión Soviética. En: Eúphoros. 2001. 3. 181-188.

External Links

Catálogo de Autoridades:

VIAF

Catálogo de Autoridades:

VIAF

Fichero de Autoridades:

Biblioteca Nacional de Espa±a