Spanish Archives - Ministry of Culture and Sports - Spanish Government

Person - Kriegel, Frantisek (1908-1979)

Kriegel, Frantisek (1908-1979)

Identification

Type:

Person

Preferred form:

Kriegel, Frantisek (1908-1979)Alternative forms (other languages)

Dates of existence/Biographical dates:

1908-04-10 - 1979-12-03

History:

He was a Czech politician and doctor. He was born in Galitzia, a region under the previous Austro-Hungarian Empire. However, he is considered to be Czech. He came from a family of Jewish traders. He lost his father when he was only 10 and his mother and grandfather raised him. He went Prague and he had to do several jobs in order to pay for his degree in medicine at the University Carolina in Prague. In 1931, he joined the Communist Party convinced that Communism could fight against Antisemitism. He graduated in 1934 and when the Spanish Civil War broke out in 1936 he joined the International Brigades serving as a doctor. In Spain, he was Chief of Health of the 45th Division under the XI International Brigade and he was called to serve in Palafrugell during the conflict. there is evidence of his membership to the register of photographers of the Defense Council of Madrid during the Spanish Civil War. In his file, dated August 4th 1937, it is documented that he was a doctor of the International Brigades, a member of the Communist Party endorsed by the Hospital J. A. Komensky in Czechoslovakia. When Franco won, Kriegel crossed the Pyrenees to go back to Czechoslovakia, but he could not reach his home country because World War II had just started. For this reason he went back on the field and he served as a doctor in the conflict against the Japanese army in India together with the Chinese and the American armies.

At the end of World War II, he went back to Czechoslovakia that was destroyed by 7 years of Nazi occupation. At the end of 1945, he started to work as Regional Committee of the Communist Party of Prague. In 1948, the Communist Party reached the power and, in 1949, he was nominated Vice Minister of Health. In the first half of the XX Century, the Czech Communist Party expelled some of his member from the party and Kriegel was one of them. He could join the party again in 1957 and in 1960 he traveled to Cuba in order to work for Fidel Castro¿s government in the organization of the Cuban Health System. In 1968, during Prague Spring, he was elected President of the Central Committee of the Czech Communist Party. After the Soviet invasion, he was forced to leave the Party, he was disqualified as a doctor and he had to retire in 1969. He died in 1979 because of his coronary problems in the Czech capital.

Spanish Civil War, 1936-1939

Date of the event: 1936 - 1939

 
World War, 1939-1945

Date of the event: 1939 - 1945

 

Occupations

Profession (carried on by):

Physicians

Activity:

Politicians

Places

Place of arrival:

Palafrugell (Girona, España)

Place of arrival:

Madrid (España)

Lugar de Defunci¾n:

Praga (Bohemia Central, República Checa) in 1979-12-03

Sources

González Moreno, M. Las Brigadas Internacionales. Su paso y estancia en Cataluña.

Related Authorities

Associative relations :

Brigadas Internacionales  (He/She is a member of)

Ejército Popular de la República. 11ª Brigada Internacional (España)  (He/She is a member of)

Documents

Producer of:

  • No Description Units associated.

Related documents:

  • Centro Documental de la Memoria Histórica  (1)