Person - Caro de Torquemada, Francisco Javier (1773-1848)

Caro de Torquemada, Francisco Javier (1773-1848)




Preferred form:

Caro de Torquemada, Francisco Javier (1773-1848)

Dates of existence/Biographical dates:

1773-12-02 - Madrid (España)  1848-02-01


He was a government representative and was considered hero of the kingdom. He was born to Ignacio Pérez Caro de Oviedo and María Catalina Campuzano-Polanco Fernández. In 1795 his family moved to Havana as a result of the entry of the French into Santo Domingo. He obtained his bachelor's degree in Law at the University of Salamanca, where he became rector at the early age of twenty-three years. The position allowed him to make important contacts in Madrid, although it also brought him into conflict with the minister of Grace and Justice, which momentarily banned his entry into the high administration of the kingdom. He was in the Iberian Peninsula when King Charles IV abdicated in 1808. Once the Central Board was constituted, he became the representative of the province of León. When the Council of Regency was formed, he was appointed minister of the Council of Spain and the Indies, and took part in some actions against the French.

In 1810 he was elected royal commissioner for the reorganization of Santo Domingo after his reincorporation into the administration; he maintained a conservative stance characterized by the recovery of the insitutions and laws of 1795. He was accused of favoring his relatives and members of the Dominican elite who had not participated in the resistance against the French. He was also the promoter of the candidacy of his uncle, Adrián María Campuzano, as representative of Santo Domingo. In 1811 he returned to Spain where he once again worked as a minister. In 1813 he was elected representative, a charge that held again as an alternate representative in 1820 and 1821. His work as a representative was characterized by a low activity to avoid confrontation with the more liberal parliamentarians, and his active participation in the committees.

With the return of King Ferdinand VII in 1814, he aligned himself with the most conservative and absolutist ideas and entered the government as a minister of the Supreme Council of the Indies; from 1820 to 1830 he occupied a seat on the Supreme Court of Justice and, in 1830 he was elected minister of the Council of the Chamber of the Indies. His political prominence endured during the regency of Maria Cristina, first as a member of the Governing Council and, from 1834, due to the publication of the Royal Statute, as the hero of the Kingdom. He still maintained political activity in the following years, although his diminished health was affecting the intensity of it.

Cortes de Cádiz, 1810-1813

Date of the event: 1810 - 1813

Cortes ordinarias, 1813-1814

Date of the event: 1813 - 1814

Liberal Triennium, 1820-1823

Date of the event: 1820 - 1823





Lugar de Defunción:

Madrid (España) in 1848-02-01


Diccionario biográfico de parlamentarios españoles. [Madrid]: Cortes Generales, Servicios de Publicaciones. 1 disco (CD-ROM). 978-84-7943-386-4 .

Related Authorities

Family relationships :

Campuzano-Polanco Fernández, Adrián María (1754-1819)  - Collateral (He/She is the nephew/niece of)

Campuzano Polanco, Francisco (1689-1741)  - Descendant (He is the great-grandson/great-granddaughter of)

Semillán Campuzano, Gregorio (1648-?)  - Descendant (He/She is the great-great-grandson/great-great-granddaughter of)

See ancestors

Universidad de Salamanca (España)  ( He/She is the owner/beneficiary/president of )

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