Person - Maniau Torquemada, Joaquín (1767-?)

Maniau Torquemada, Joaquín (1767-?)




Preferred form:

Maniau Torquemada, Joaquín (1767-?)Other forms

Dates of existence/Biographical dates:

Xalapa-Enríquez (Veracruz, México)  1767 - Ciudad de México (México)  desconocida


He was an accountant and a government representative. He was the son of Francisco Maniau Ortega, a merchant and accountant. His professional career was closely linked to the tobacco business. In 1799 he was already a senior officer of the Tobacco Directorate and General Accounting Office and; in 1810, when he was elected representative in the Cortes he was the General Accountant of Tobacco Income. With the first insurgency actions in the New Spain, he showed his support to the viceroy to try to control them.

He was elected government representative in the Cortes (parliament) of 1810 and 1813. His work was intense and he addressed issues closely linked to the interests of the province of Veracruz. He participated in the sessions dedicated to the freedom of trade and was one of the New Spanish representatives who voted against allowing free access to ports for English and neutral ships. He also defended that, in order to calculate the representation of the American provinces, it was necessary to take into account the members of the castes, since otherwise, regions as important and economically relevant as the one he represented would not have representatives.

When King Ferdinand VII returned to the throne in 1814 Joaquín was persecuted and accused of treason. Although such accusations were not corroborated by any of the witnesses presented, he was condemned. However, in 1815 he was pardoned by the monarch himself although he was forced to live in the Iberian Peninsula. He chose to live in Cordoba but due to his health, he changed his destination to Granada. He remained there until the restitution of the Constitution in 1820 when he was again elected as a representative. His parliamentary activity was quite low in this new parliamentary period of the "Liberal Triennium". He asked for the cancellation of his act of representation in 1822. The date of his death is not known.

Cortes de Cádiz, 1810-1813

Date of the event: 1810 - 1813

Cortes ordinarias, 1813-1814

Date of the event: 1813 - 1814




Cádiz (España)


Madrid (España)


Granada (España)

Lugar de Nacimiento:

Xalapa-Enríquez (Veracruz, México) in 1767

Lugar de Defunción:

Ciudad de México (México)


Diccionario biográfico de parlamentarios españoles. [Madrid]: Cortes Generales, Servicios de Publicaciones. 1 disco (CD-ROM). 978-84-7943-386-4 .

García León, José María. Los diputados doceañistas : una aproximación al estudio de los diputados de las Cortes Generales y Extraordinarias (1810-1813). José Mª García León. [Cádiz]: Ayuntamiento de Cádiz. 2 v. (808 p.). 84-89736-51-0.

Related Authorities

Family relationships :

Maniau Ortega, Francisco (ca.1723-?)  - Descendant (He/She is the son/daughter of)

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