Person - Mora, José Joaquín de (1783-1864)

Mora, José Joaquín de (1783-1864)




Preferred form:

Mora, José Joaquín de (1783-1864)Other forms

Fechas de existencia:

Cádiz (España)  1783 - Madrid (España)  1864


Spanish journalist, teacher and man of letters. During the Peninsular War he joined the army, fighting in the battle of Bailén. He was taken prisoner to Autun where he married Françoise Delauneux.

When he returned to Spain, he began publishing and collaborating on different projects translating works to other languages (English, French, Spanish). He had many arguments with other authors, like the "querella calderoniana" with Nicolás Bohl de Faber in which he adapted two pseudonyms: Mirtilo Gaditano and Heleno-Filo. He founded and wrote El Constitucional, Minerva Nacional, Correo General de Madrid, Crónica Científica y Literaria and El Indicador.

At the end of Trienio Liberal (Liberal Triennium) (820-1823), he had to go into exile to England, where he worked as a translator and editor of different works of different authors (like R. Akermann) and published his own work Memorias históricas sobre Fernando VII, rey de España. He sympathized with pro-independence Americans, he lived in Buenos Aires and Chile, where he founded the Liceo and El Mercurio de Chile. Although he had the Chilean nationality, he was imprisoned and expelled from Chile. He travelled to Perú and Bolivia, where he started to work as secretary, advisor of the president and Literature's professor in the Universidad de la Paz.

He returned to Spain in 1843, directed a school in Cádiz, and published Colección de sinónimos de la lengua castellana in the Royal Academy. He was the general consul of Spain in England, editor and translator in the British and Foreign Bible Society (London), the Spanish Evangelization Society (Edimburgh) and other Protestants associations.

Liberal Triennium, 1820-1823

Date of the event: 1820 - 1823



Lugar de Residencia:

Buenos Aires (Argentina)

Lugar de Residencia:


Inglaterra (Reino Unido)  Obs.:  Exilio

Prisionero en:


Lugar de Nacimiento:

Cádiz (España) in 1783

Lugar de Defunción:

Madrid (España) in 1864





Gil Novales, Alberto. Diccionario biográfico de España (1808-1833) : de los orígenes del liberalismo a la reacción absolutista. Alberto Gil Novales. Madrid: Fundación Mapfre. 3 v. (3406 p.). 978-84-9844-236-6 (Vol. 3).

Related Authorities

Bello, Andrés (1781-1865)  ( Es colega/ amigo de )

Associative relations :

Rivadavia, Bernardino (1780-1845)  ( Colabora con )

External Links

Biografía virtual:

Diccionario biográfico RAH

Catálogo de Autoridades:


Fichero de Autoridades:

Biblioteca Nacional de España


Producer of:

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