Spanish Archives - Ministry of Education, Culture and Sport

Person - Afonso, Graciliano (1775-1861)

Afonso, Graciliano (1775-1861)




Preferred form:

Afonso, Graciliano (1775-1861)Other forms

Fechas de existencia:

La Orotava (Tenerife, Santa Cruz de Tenerife, España)  1775-08-12 - Las Palmas de Gran Canaria (Gran Canaria, Las Palmas, España)  1861-08-18


Canon, liberal deputy and pre-romantic poet. He was the son of Cristóbal Alfonso and Petra Naranjo, who were a lower-middle class family.

He studied with the help of others like his friends, the eclesiastic rents, and his father's transfer to the capital. As a matter of fact, it was his father who awakened in him the concern of Enlightenment ideas, and the education he received from the priest José Acosta awakened his passion for classical languages. He decided to study in the "Seminario Conciliar de las Palmas", because he was given a grant.

He had Enlightenment ideas influenced by the philosophical rationalism, the teaching of basic physics and agriculture and the gallicanism. He was designated professor of Philosophy in 1806, and later, of Doctoral Canon. He was a professor in Alcalá de Henares, teaching Canons and Law, where he had problems with the Inquisition because of the reading of forbidden books and the ideas he transmitted to his students. His activism was remarkable and he was involved in lawsuits, celebrated the abolition of the Spanish Inquisition and the Constitution of 1812 and wrote an edict inspired by the catholic values.

He was choosen as deputy in the Trienio Liberal (in English, "Liberal Triennium"). He supported the independence among the Church and the State and another of his initiatives was the agreement with José Murphy for the unity of the archipelago with one single capital and a bishopric with see in Palmas. He went into exile in Venezuela (1823-1837) when Ferdinand VII returned to Spain, as he had voted his inability. He supported the freedom of Venezuela, and he began to publish and translate works in San Juan (Puerto Rico).

He could return to Canarias thanks to the Amnesty and he continued creating works like "Oda al Teide". He also went back to the incumbents of the Church. By that time, he wrote satires against Antonio María Claret and translated books such as "El rizo robado" and classics of Sófocles and Virgilio. He took part in the educative reform as chair of Rhetoric and Poetic in the school of San Agustín, where distinguished characters as Benito Pérez Galdós would study in the future.

Liberal Triennium, 1820-1823

Date of the event: 1820 - 1823



Gutiérrez Torrecilla, Luis Miguel. Casado Arboniés, Manuel. Ballesteros Torres, Pedro L.. Profesores y estudiantes : biografía colectiva de la Universidad de Alcalá (1508-1836). edición al cuidado de Luis Miguel Gutiérrez Torrecilla, Manuel Casado Arboniés, Pedro Ballesteros Torres. Alcalá de Henares: Universidad de Alcalá, Servicio de Publicaciones. 2013. 779 p., XXXII p. de lám. col. y n.. 978-84-15834-27-4.

Related Authorities

Antonio María Claret (1807-1870, santo)  ( Es enemigo/ está enfrentado con/ esta la oposición de )

Associative relations :

Murphy Meade, José (1774-1841)  ( Colabora con )


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Related documents:

  • Archivo Histórico Nacional  (6)