Spanish Archives - Ministry of Education, Culture and Sport

Person - Sardí, María del Carmen (ca.1794-?)

Sardí, María del Carmen (ca.1794-?)




Preferred form:

Sardí, María del Carmen (ca.1794-?)

Fechas de existencia:

Almería (España)  1794 - desconocida


Spanish liberal. She married Julián de Velasco, writer and journalist, with whom she had a daughter, Manuela Sardí, known as The Patriot. She was a firm believer in liberalism, and after Ferdinand VII's return, she helped several deputies doceañistas (in favour of the Constitution of 1812) that were imprisoned, such as José María Calatrava or Juan Antonio Yandiola. During the Trienio Liberal (Liberal Triennium), she was able to participate in the revolt of 7 July 1822, for which she was rewarded in the Cortes, and the rebellion that took place between the 19th and 20th March 1823, after the dismissal of the government of Evaristo de San Miguel and in which, together with other participants, she called for a regency to replace Ferdinand VII. The end of the Trienio led to her exile and her prosecution in absentia by the Sala de Alcaldes in the context of the repression of the liberals following the restoration of absolutism by Ferdinand VII in 1823.

Her first stop was Gibraltar, where she met a large group of Spanish liberals that used the colony to flee. From there, she went to England, where she had to survive on the aid provided by the Committee of Exiles, her Spanish classes and help from friends, some of them were English, like Biddulph. Her intention was to give her daughter the education needed for her to be able to look after herself. For this reason, Manuela was able to enjoy a brilliant career from having studied French and, most importantly, taking up singing lessons. After the French Revolution, she moved, just like many other Spaniards, to France, where she intended to use as a bridge to get to Italy where her daughter was being taking musical lessons. Her return to Spain did not take place until 1834, as she could not adhere to the pardon of 1824, nor the one of 1833. The news about her return to the Peninsula are few, and there is only evidence of a new trip to London in 1837, from which there is no more information about her.

Liberal Triennium, 1820-1823

Date of the event: 1820 - 1823




Gibraltar  Obs.:  paso intermedio en su exilio

Lugar de Residencia:

Londres (Inglaterra, Reino Unido)

Lugar de Residencia:

Madrid (España)

Lugar de Nacimiento:

Almería (España) in 1794





Fuentes, Juan Francisco. Garí, Pilar. Amazonas de la libertad : mujeres liberales contra Fernando VII. [Cubierta]. Juan Francisco Fuentes, Pilar Garí. Madrid: Marcial Pons Historia. 2014. 426 p.. 978-84-15963-05-9.

Gil Novales, Alberto. Diccionario biográfico de España (1808-1833): de los orígenes del liberalismo a la reacción absolutista. Alberto Gil Novales. Madrid: Fundación Mapfre. 3 v. (3406 p.). 978-84-9844-236-6 (Vol. 1).

Related Authorities

Calatrava Peinado, José María (1781-1846)  ( Es colega/ amigo de )

Associative relations :

López Ballesteros, Francisco (1771-1833)  ( Colabora con; Intercedió por María del Carmen Sardi para recibir auxilio económico en su exilio )

San Miguel, Evaristo (1785-1862)  ( Colabora con; Intercedió por María del Carmen Sardi para que recibiera auxilio económico en su exilio )


Producer of:

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Related documents:

  • Archivo Histórico Nacional  (1)