Person - San Miguel, Evaristo (1785-1862)

San Miguel, Evaristo (1785-1862)




Preferred form:

San Miguel, Evaristo (1785-1862)Other forms

Dates of existence/Biographical dates:

Gijón (Asturias, España)  1785-10-26 - 1862-05-29


Spansh politician, secretary of the State Office, g eneral l ieutenant and duke of San Miguel (I). In 1805 he joined the army as a cadet, and fought in the War of Independence (1808-1814) against the France. A member of masonery, known by the name of "Patria", he was very active in the plans prior to the 1820 Revolution. He was arrested in the Palmar conspiracy and imprisoned in Cádiz. He was known for his collaborations with some magazines such as La Gaceta Patriótica del Ejército Nacional, and also for the many journalistic projects he took part, such as El Espectador, El Mensajero de las Cortes (1834) and Guía del miliciano nacional (1856). He was the secretary of the State Office until 1823, when he resigned to fight against the Hundred Thousand Sons of San Luis. He had to flee to England, where he collaborated in the magazine Ocio de los españoles emigrantes . He returned to Spain under the Queen's amnesty, and rejoined the Army participating in the Battle of Mendigorría (1835), in the First Carlist War. San Miguel was appointed Captain of the Central Army and Minister of War, Navy and Overseas in the Espartero cabinet. He was named the Great of Spain with the denomination of Duke of San Miguel, and decorated with the crosses of San Hermenegildo, San Fernando and Carlos III. He was a member of the Royal Economic Society and a member of the Royal Academy of History.

Liberal Triennium, 1820-1823

Date of the event: 1820 - 1823



Prisionero en_en:


Lugar de Nacimiento:

Gijón (Asturias, España) in 1785-10-26

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Biografía virtual:

Diccionario biográfico de la RAH


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