Corporate Body - Colegio de San Arcadio de Osuna (Sevilla, España)

Colegio de San Arcadio de Osuna (Sevilla, España)

Identification

Type:

Corporate Body

Preferred form:

Colegio de San Arcadio de Osuna (Sevilla, España)Other forms

Fechas de Existencia:

from XVII to 1767

History:

The college in San Arcadio de Osuna was the second college belonging to the Society of Jesus that was opened in the 17th century. It was the 26th one in the province of Andalusia. Its founders and benefactors were the Jesuit Andrés Linero and Doctor Celedonio de Azoca or Azocar (depending on the sources consulted), the canon of Seville's church. Celedonio was specially the one that achieved the creation of this college in the city of Osuna. Azoca came from a rich and well-positioned family settled in the city of Seville and had no relationship with Osuna. As he was a trained, distinguished, humble and piteous man, he divided all his patrimony among pious works in the city of Seville, among other localities, when he died. He wanted to build a new college of the Society in Osuna. As he wanted to save the citizen's souls and solve the lack of doctrine in their habits that, according to Celedonio, destroyed the city, he insisted on creating a Jesuit School there. Dr. Azoca achieved that the Society accepted his project in June 1602. 8 months later, he died and left a patrimony estimated in 11.000 ducats, all his possessions and a private library for this college. To start this founding project, the Order needed the permit of the Duke of Osuna, Lord of the Villa, of the Council and King. There was no opposition by any of these institutions. Even the Duke gave the first lodging for the Jesuits to settle when they arrived in the city in 1615: the old hospital of the Incarnation (hospital de la Encarnación), which belonged to his family. The rest of the Orders already settled in the city and the canonry opposed. At the beginning, the Order accepted to settle there on the condition that it was just a loan. They wanted to buy a house with the goods left by Dr. Azoca and the yields given by Andrés Linero. They used this building until 1616 when the argument between the Duke of Osuna and a Jesuit General in Rome caused conflicts between the Duke and the Order. Because of this, the Order's stay in the city was in danger. So, the College of the Company decided to buy a private home and move to it immediately before someone decided to expel them from their previous location. Some papers that deal with this subject state that the college was built between 1613 and 1618. Since then, its number of followers increased not only among Osuna's residents, who wanted their services (especially for the confession), but also among the towns nearby that wanted them to preach in their parishes. The Jesuits in San Arcadio were present in the city's life through different departments: teaching, hospitals, congregation's creation, etc. Their church was dedicated to San Carlos Borromeo and started to be built in 1633. On the subject of the College's activity, few data are known. It is known thanks to the founding capitulations that the College could count on the necessary priests and on a School of Basic Education, Latinity Studies, Greek, Hebrew, Arts and Theology. In 1695, it counted on ten priests. The rector was Matías de Valvuena, as in 1751. It became inoperative due to the Pragmatic Sanction of Charles III (1759-1788) in 1767 and its properties were managed by the "Junta de Temporalidades" until 1785. The building continued with its teaching activity.

Context:

It started to depend on the “Sociedad Económica de Amigos del País” from 1785 to 1836. They had to move to another place because the Jesuit church had suffered several damages. Currently, it only conserves its temple and some of the walls and floorings that were documented by some specific studies in 1985.

Functions

(Function) He/She carries out/ perform:

Administración del patrimonio monástico

(Function) He/She carries out/ perform:

Preservación de obras culturales monásticas

(Function) He/She carries out/ perform:

Misionado y evangelización

Places

Localization:

Osuna (Sevilla, España)

Mandates/Legal Sources

Sources

PARES: Código Referencia:ES.28079.AHN/3.1.2.19.51//

Documentos de la Compañía de Jesús en el Archivo histórico nacional: Inventario por Araceli Guglieri Navarro,... Introducción de Francisco Mateos, S.J.AHN, Editorial Razón y Fe, 1967.

Gutiérrez Núñez, Fº.J.: Origen y fundación del Colegio de la Compañía de Jesús de Osuna en el primer tercio del S.XVII. Apuntes 2, Nº 5, (2007): 169-184.[Recurso electrónico. Consultado el 16 de julio de 2015] dialnet.unirioja.es/descarga/articulo/2878756.pdf

Serrano, J.: El Colegio de la Compañía de Osuna. Fundación y primeros años de vida a través de los manuscritos de la Universidad de Granada y Real Academia de la Historia. Apuntes 2, Nº5, (2007): 209-233.[Recurso electrónico. Consultado el 16 de julio de 2015] dialnet.unirioja.es/descarga/articulo/2878825.pdf

Related Authorities

Jesuits  ( He/She is a member of )

Associative relations :

Téllez-Girón, Pedro Manuel (1574-1624)  ( It is sponsored by )

Documents

Producer of:

  • No Units of Description associated.