Corporate Body - Colegio de San Francisco Javier de A Coruña (España)

Colegio de San Francisco Javier de A Coruña (España)

Identification

Type:

Corporate Body

Preferred form:

Colegio de San Francisco Javier de A Coruña (España)Alternative forms (other languages) Other forms

Fechas de Existencia:

from 1701 to 1767

History:

The Jesuits have created six schools in Galicia since the Order was founded. The three last ones were built in the 17th century, among which we have the college of San Francisco Javier in A Coruña. The presence of the Jesuits in A Coruña dates back to 1554. The Society's priests got close to the religion through missions, carrying out missionary and pastoral works without any fixed establishment. The priests have won followers among the citizens and ruling classes in the city since 1673. This happened at the initiative of the "alcaldes mayores" of the Royal Audience of Galicia and the governor, who urged that a Jesuit School was built in the city. One of the judges that was interested in establishing the Society of Jesus in A Coruña was Juan Pardo Monzón, who took charge of the conversations with the local government, labor unions and other institutions to favour its founding. As it also happened with other Jesuit provinces, the Order faced the opposition of the rest of the orders that had been already established in the city and did not hesitated to look for support among the local government and some important figures. The school in A Coruña is a singular case of democratic choice. It was put to a vote in an open Council, where all the citizens could decide the way to pay and maintain that Jesuit school. The resolution was that all the residents had to divide up these duties. Each of them had to give or donate what they could. Rubí and Loyola, the foundation's creators, settled in the city, in the hospital of San Andrés, which was located outside the city, in the suburb called "La Pescadería". It was a place frequented by miscreants, fishermen, soldiers and popular classes. It was given by the labor union. It was severely damaged but, thanks to the offer of the judge Juan Altamirano, who took charge of the works' costs, the priests counted on the first settlement and chapel. They had to wait until 1693 to obtain the founding permit given by Charles II. Several counselors of the Court, who were allies of the forces from A Coruña that opposed the Society of Jesus, had complicated the bureaucracy to achieve it. However, the Protestant ambassadors in A Coruña such as the English and Dutch ones, mediated for its construction. It was not until 1695 that the School was built. However, they had already become an Autonomous Community called college from San Andrés. It counted on 9 priests. The College of San Francisco Javier was built in the market zone, in the limit between "La Pescadería" and the "Muralla de la ciudad Alta". Due to the lack of resources, the works were carried out very slowly and the temple and the pharmacy were not built until 1725. The church is the current parish of San Jorge. They did not move to the new college until 1701. It counted on an average of 12 priests until it became inoperative in 1767. They took charge of the school of basic education and grammar, which was managed by then by the local government. In the 18th century, the college counted on a chair of Moral Theology.

Functions

(Function) He/She carries out/ perform:

Administración del patrimonio monástico

(Function) He/She carries out/ perform:

Misionado y evangelización

(Function) He/She carries out/ perform:

Preservación de obras culturales monásticas

Places

Localization:

A Coruña (España)

Mandates/Legal Sources

Sources

PARES: Código Referencia:ES.28079.AHN/3.1.2.19.61//

Documentos de la Compañía de Jesús en el Archivo histórico nacional: Inventario por Araceli Guglieri Navarro,... Introducción de Francisco Mateos, S.J.AHN, Editorial Razón y Fe, 1967.

VV. AA: Historia de la Educación en España y América. La educación en la España Moderna. Siglos XVI-XVIII. Vol. II. Madrid: Ediciones Morata-Ediciones SM, 1993.

Rivera Vázquez, E.: Galicia y los jesuitas. Sus colegios y enseñanza en los siglos XVI al XVII. Fundación Barrie de la Maza. Galicia histórica. 1989.

Related Authorities

Jesuits  ( He/She is a member of )

Associative relations :

Documents

Producer of:

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Related documents:

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