Amaro del Rosal
Person - Rosal, Amaro del (1904-1991)

Rosal, Amaro del (1904-1991)

Identification

Type:

Person

Preferred form:

Rosal, Amaro del (1904-1991)Other forms

Dates of existence/Biographical dates:

Avilés (Asturias, España)  1904-12-29 - 1991-02-05

History:

Spanish trade unionist, politician and bank clerk, that exiled in different countries. He was an active member of the Socialist Youth of Spain, co-founder of the Spanish Communist Party, founder of the "Federación Nacional de Banca" and member of the Socialist Party (PSOE). He worked as railroad worker and bank clerk in Urquijo Bank (Madrid). He was member of the Revolutionary Council of October 1934 and actively participated in the preparation of the Asturian revolutionary movement, being imprisoned in Madrid. He wrote there, along with Santiago Carrillo and Carlos Hernández Zancajo, the book "Octubre: Segunda Etapa" (1935), that supported the conversion of the PSOE to Bolsheviks ideas. In 1936, he founded "Claridad" newspaper with Luis Araquistáin. During the Spanish Civil War, apart from being spokesman and Deputy Registar of the General Union of Workers (UGT), he was designated Director-General of the "Caja de Reparaciones" of the Ministry of Finance. When the conflic finished, he moved to France and entered Le Boulou concentration camp. After being freed, he participated as member of the Survival, Evasion, Resistance and Escape (SERE) in the organization of the evacuation of the Spanish refugees to America. He went to Mexico from Antwerp harbor. He was expelled from the PSOE in 1946 because he was in line with the "negrinista" section of the Party, and because he did not join the Socialist group of the Party in Mexico, created under the PSOE Executive Committee mandate in order to unify the different groups that existed in Mexico back then. He joined the Spanish Communist Party in 1948, although he was still member of the Executive Committee of the UGT (Ramón González Peña group) until 1950, when they separated. In Mexico, he worked in Vulcano factory, RCA Victor, finance company "Las Américas" and Grijalbo publishing house. After being in France, Morocco and Mexico, he finally returned to Spain after the death of Franco in 1976. He was the author of several books about the international and Spanish labor movement, and an active member of the Pablo Iglesias foundation since 1978 until his death, donating his valuable archives. He died the 5th February 1991 in Madrid. He was posthumously readmitted by the PSOE as honorary member during the XXXVII Congress of 2008 at the request of the Canary Federation, that asked for the reinstatement of Juan Negrín and those expelled in 1946.

Event

Description: Lugar de salida. Estados Unidos; Lugar de llegada: Nuevo Laredo (Tamaulipas, México) medio de transporte:

Date of the event: 1940-04-05

Location associated with the date: Nuevo Laredo (Tamaulipas, México)

 
Spanish Civil War, 1936-1939

Date of the event: 1936 - 1939

 

Context:

Desde 1978 hasta su muerte Amaro Rosal colaboró con la Fundación Pablo Iglesias dejando depositados sus valiosos archivos en dicha Fundación.

Occupations

Profession (carried on by):

Ferroviarios in  Spain

Places

Place of arrival:

Antwerp in 1940 Obs.:  Salida puerto. Exilio a México.

Place of arrival:

Figueres (Girona, España)  Obs.:  Visitas clandestinas desde el exilio en Francia.

Place of arrival:

Melilla (España) in 1924 Obs.:  Servicio militar

Domicile:

México (estado, México) in 1940 Obs.:  Exilio.

Place of arrival:

New York in 1940 Obs.:  Exilio. Escala.

Domicile:

París (Isla de Francia, Francia) between 1945 and 1952 Obs.:  Exilio.

Place of arrival:

Perpiñán (Pirineos Orientales, Francia)  Obs.:  Escapadas.

Place of arrival:

Portugal  Obs.:  Huye tras el fracaso del movimiento

Place of arrival:

Prats-de-Mollo-la-Preste (Pirineos Orientales, Francia)  Obs.:  Exilio. Entrada.

Lugar de Nacimiento:

Avilés (Asturias, España) in 1904-12-29

Lugar de Defunci¾n:

Madrid (España) in 1991-02-05

Related Authorities

Associative relations :

Caja General de Reparaciones (España)  (He/She works for)

Cárdenas, Lázaro (1895-1970)  (He/She is friend with; Entrevista a Lázaro Cárdenas.)

Guillén Guardiola, Luis (1903-1941)  (He/She is friend with; Se exilia a Francia en compañía de Luis Guillén.)

Ibárruri, Dolores (1895-1989)  (He/She is friend with; Conoce a)

Negrín, Juan (1892-1956)  (He/She is friend with; Entrevista a Juan Negrín en París (1945).)

Partido Comunista de España  (He/She is a member of; Cofundador)

Partido Socialista Obrero Español  (He/She is a member of)

Servicio de Evacuación de Refugiados Españoles  (He/She is a member of)