Corporate Body - Partido Comunista de España

Partido Comunista de España

Identification

Type:

Corporate Body

Preferred form:

Partido Comunista de EspañaOther forms

Fechas de Existencia:

1921-11-14

History:

The Communist Party of Spain (hereinafter referred to as PCE) is a Spanish political party that split from PSOE on 14 November 1921, because the latter refused to join the III International called by Lenin. It is the result of the merger between the Spanish Communist Party (founded by the Federation of Socialist Youth on 15 April 1920) and the Spanish Communist Labor Party, founded by leftist delegates of the Congress of the Spanish Socialist Labor Party held on 13 April 1921. Upon the proclamation of the II Republic, the PCE re-emerged in a very precarious situation. Having spent most of its existence in secrecy, it was legalized, but relied on the support of less than a thousand members. The Congress of the PCE was held in Seville on 17 March 1932. The main aim was to eradicate the cult-like approaches that were deeply rooted in the direction and to focus on building mass communist party, like in the Soviet Union. Comrades chosen for the Central Committee such as José Díaz, Dolores Ibárruri, Vicente Uribe, Antonio Mije, Manuel Delicado, Pedro Checa played a great role in this labor. On 3 December 1933, Cayetano Bolívar Escribano was chosen deputy by Málaga, being the first communist deputy in history released from prison to hold such position. At a later stage, in the so-called 1934 Revolution against the policy adopted by the radical government of the Spanish Confederation of Autonomous Right-wing Groups, the PCE played a smaller role than the PSOE (whose foundation had the leading role in the revolution together with the Socialist Youth and the UGT) and the CNT, which did not take part in the revolution except for Asturias. It was forced nonetheless to come back to secrecy. At that moment, the PCE adheres to the policy of creating a Popular Front which would gather all leftist forces together. Such policy was a theoretical proposal by the Communist International. Following the electoral victory of the Popular Front on 16 February 1936, the Communist Party gained increasing prestige: in five months, the number of affiliates grew from 30,000 to 100,000. The expansion of the PCE hit two major milestones in the timespan prior to the Civil War and the period immediately following it: the first milestone was the merger between the Socialist Youth and the Communist Youth on 1 April 1936, which gave rise to the formation of the Unified Socialist Youth, which appointed Santiago Carrillo Secretary-General, who would become Secretary-General of the PCE a few years later. The second milestone was the constitution of the Partit Socialista Unificat de Catalunya (Unified Socialist Party of Catalonia) on 23 July 1936, after a pre-war process was hastened by the onset of the war, and was the merger of four parties: the Communist Party of Catalonia, the Catalonian department of the PSOE, the Socialist Union and the Proletarian Party. Similar to all the political groups involved in the war, the performance of the PCE during the Civil War was very controversial. On their participation alongside other republican forces in the post-Francoist military uprising, the communist militants tortured and murdered right-wingers imprisoned in republican areas. Nevertheless, owing to the unwavering discipline imposed by the party, the unmonitored actions were less frequent than among other less disciplined organizations. Among other conflicts that took place within the republican side there took place fights against anarchists, socialists and other communists that strayed from the orthodoxy dictated by Moscow or the Trotskyites. As representative of the Soviet government most of his power stemmed therefrom; alongside the Mexican representative, he is the only one who did not leave the legitimate republican government in the lurch. The source of its support were the sectors of the State and Army apparatus opposed to revolutionary measures, collectivization and certain forms of popular militias. The discussion starred (mainly) by the PCE, on the one hand, and the anarchist and Trotskyist groups, on the other hand, was devoted to whether to conduct a revolution in tandem with the war or to win the war first and leave the revolutionary measures for afterwards. The posture of the PCE led to an open confrontation with the POUM and the CNT-FAI. It was directed the militarization of the militias in the republican army, an event that diminished and dehumanized the revolutionary process that took place in tandem with the war. The members of the PCE, on the other hand, believed that the revolutionary process triggered trust issues in the non-revolutionary sectors of republican left. For the PCE, the dilemma between war and revolution was a fallacy, and it unerringly supported the republican legality. During the civil war, the party amounted to 300,000 military men, and the JSU led by Santiago Carrillo and controlled by the communists reached 500,000 affiliated. Although the influence of both organizations shall not be denied, it is worth taking into consideration that in that period it was desirable to hold an identity card from some organization for specific occasions, so in this sense the affiliation to the PCE unlocked many doors. People frequently affiliated with several organizations. It was essential for the creation of International Brigades, strongly influenced by the Soviet Union, as well as for the relationships with the Soviet Union, regarded as the leading armorer and supplier of administration and military instructors for the Republic. The PCE sided with the republican legality. It encouraged the most reformist sectors of the CNT to participate in the government and it did not mind collaborating with parties contrary to its ideology, such as the PNV, of a strong Christian nature or the bourgeois republican parties. To maintain this collaboration, the PCE tried to gain respect for the interests of small and medium, rural and urban bourgeoisie.

Places

Subjects

Related Authorities

Aalto, William (1915-1958)  ( It has as a member )

Associative relations :

Abardía Abardía, Mariano (1914-?)  ( It has as a member )

Abia Gutiérrez, Vicente (1916-?)  ( It has as a member )

Acero Laguna, Jesús (1904-?)  ( It has as a member )

Acitores Igartua, Gabriel (1898-?)  ( It has as a member )

Adrián Leza, Virgilio Antonio (1917-?)  ( It has as a member )

Aguado Aguado, Carlos (1919-?)  ( It has as a member )

Aguado Aguado, Jorge (1911-?)  ( It has as a member )

Aguilar Berlanga, Juan (1916-?)  ( Tiene como empleado a_en )

Aguilar Gutiérrez, Antonio (1919-?)  ( It has as a member )

Aguilera Soria, Pedro (1911-?)  ( It has as a member )

Aja Aja, Pedro (1909-?)  ( It has as a member )

Ajenjo Moreno, Juan (1898-?)  ( It has as a member )

Alberdi García, Francisco (1909-?)  ( It has as a member )

Alberti, Rafael (1902-1999)  ( It has as a member )

Albuixech Maset, Arturo (1892-?)  ( It has as a member )

Alcaraz López, Felipe Miguel (1906-?)  ( It has as a member )

Almeida, Cristina (1944-)  ( It has as a member )

Alonso López, Abelardo (1903-?)  ( It has as a member )

Álvarez Díaz, Josefa (1903-?)  ( It has as a member )

Álvarez Iraola, Francisco (1900-?)  ( It has as a member )

Álvarez Monteserín, José (1895-?)  ( It has as a member )

Amigo Pallise, Jaime (1904-?)  ( It has as a member )

Amposta García, Fernando (1910-?)  ( It has as a member )

Ana, Marcos (1920-2016)

Anadón Sevilla, Francisco (1920-?)  ( It has as a member )

Andrés Zamora, Teresa (1907-1946)  ( It has as a member )

Andújar, Manuel (1913-1994)  ( It has as a member )

Anglada Roche, Santiago (1895-?)  ( It has as a member )

Antón, Francisco (1909-1976)  ( It has as a member )

Armada Ruz, Rafael (1914-1981)  ( It has as a member; Jefe del Partido Comunista Andaluz en los años 40. Cumplió pena de prisión sin que se conociera su auténtica filiación. Concejal del Partido Comunista por Alfarfar (Valencia). )

Arpi Loza, Malio (1904-?)  ( It has as a member )

Ayllón Murgui, Carlos (1916-ca. 2006)  ( It has as a member )

Azcárate Diz, Luis de (1921-?)  ( It has as a member )

Azcárate Diz, Teresa (1918-2006)  ( It has as a member )

Azzati Cutanda, Paz (1917-1995)  ( It has as a member )

Bacarisse, Salvador (1898-1963)  ( It has as a member )

Ballester, Antonio (1910-2001)  ( It has as a member )

Bandres Cajal, Jorge (1911-?)  ( It has as a member; Miembro. )

Barberán Roda, Manuel (1912-?)  ( It has as a member )

Bardem, Juan Antonio (1922-2002)  ( It has as a member )

Bardullas Andrés, Luis (1918-?)  ( It has as a member; Militante. )

Barjas, Macario (1917-)  ( It has as a member )

Barón Fernández, José (1904-?)  ( It has as a member )

Barranco Gutiérrez, Vicente (1917-?)  ( It has as a member; Militante. )

Bartolomé Rodríguez, Cayo (1902-?)  ( It has as a member )

Bas Díaz, Lorenzo (1919-?)  ( It has as a member )

Bas Gasso, Manuel (1914-?)  ( It has as a member )

Beltrán López, Pedro (1911-?)  ( It has as a member )

Benítez Rufo, Manuel (1917-2004)  ( It has as a member )

Benito Casla, Santos (1914-?)  ( It has as a member )

Blanco Romero, Manuel (1913-?)  ( It has as a member )

Blanes Ibáñez, Francisco (1923-?)  ( It has as a member )

Boix, Francesc (1920-1951)  ( It has as a member )

Bonilla Bagueto, Amparo (1916-?)  ( It has as a member )

Bono Martínez, Emèrit (1940-)  ( It has as a member )

Borasteros Ruiz del Portal, Rafael (1906-?)  ( It has as a member )

Bornao, Leonor (?-2007)  ( It has as a member )

Bort Albalat, José (1891-?)  ( It has as a member )

Bosch Llopis, Francisco (1908-?)  ( It has as a member )

Bouzas Pérez, María (1908-?)  ( It has as a member )

Brabo, Pilar (1943-1993)  ( It has as a member )

Bravo Jiménez, Emilio (1880-?)  ( It has as a member )

Bravo Martín, Enrique (1918-?)  ( It has as a member )

Bullejos, José (1899-1975)  ( It has as a member )

Caamaño Díaz, Carmen (1909-2006)  ( It has as a member )

Calero Labesse, Jacobo (1905- 2002)  ( It is founded by; Fundador del Partido Comunista Español en la isla de La Palma. )

Calpe Martín, Jaime (1890-?)

Calvillo Peñuela, Antonio (1909-?)

Calvo Varela, Santos (1910-?)

Camacho, Marcelino (1918-2010)  ( It has as a member )

Campo Redondo, Luis (1900-1936)  ( It has as a member )

Cárdenas Gallego, Juan (1904-?)  ( It has as a member )

Caridad Mateo, Francisco (1907-?)  ( It has as a member )

Carrasco Alcaraz, Pedro (1910-?)  ( It has as a member )

Carrasco López, Antonio (1913-?)  ( It has as a member )

Carrión López, Juan (1910-?)  ( It has as a member )

Castaño de Lucio, José (1892-?)  ( It has as a member )

Castell Delgado, Enrique (1902-?)  ( It has as a member )

Castellote, Ricardo (1908-?)  ( It has as a member )

Cerdá Melero, Juan (1902-?)  ( It has as a member )

Checa, Pedro (1910-1942)  ( It has as a member )

Chinesta Sanchiz, Vicente (1901-?)  ( It has as a member )

Cifuentes Escribano, Ángel (1916-?)  ( It has as a member )

Coll Alas, Óscar (1909-1967)  ( It has as a member )

Comas Camps, Juan (1900-1979)

Comisiones Obreras (España)  ( Vinculadas en la fundación del sindicato al partido )

Conde González, Juan (1936-)

Conelles Ugarte, Miguel (1903-?)  ( It has as a member )

Cos García, José Luis (1938-)  ( It has as a member )

Crespo, Ángel (1926-1995)  ( It has as a member )

Cristóbal Checa, Vicente (1892-?)  ( It has as a member )

Custodio, Álvaro (1912-1992)  ( It has as a member )

Deltoro Fabuel, Antonio (1907-1987)  ( It has as a member )

Detrell Tarradell, Francisco (1908-1990)  ( It has as a member; en México. )

D'Harcourt Got, Joaquín (1896-1970)  ( It has as a member )

Díaz Cardiel, Víctor (1935-)  ( It has as a member )

Díaz Gil, Julio (1912-?)  ( It has as a member )

Díaz Gómez, Antolín (1913-?)  ( It has as a member )

Díaz, José (1896-1942)  ( It has as a member )

Díaz López, José (1910-?)  ( It has as a member )

Díaz Torrente, Pedro (1918-?)  ( It has as a member; Secretario de Agitación y Propaganda. )

Díez Fernández, Carlos (1905-?)  ( It has as a member )

Diz Flórez, María Cruz (1892-?)  ( It has as a member )

Domínguez Lázaro, José (1913-?)  ( It has as a member )

Duncan, Lowell Oswalt (1909-1979)  ( It has as a member )

Duque Cuadrado, José (1908-?)  ( It has as a member )

Durá Solera, Juana (1905-?)  ( It has as a member; Se afilia en México. )

Editions de la Librairie du globe (Editorial, París, Francia)

Elías Herrando, Emilia (1898-1976)  ( It has as a member )

Falcón, Irene (1907-1999)  ( It has as a member )

Fernández Berbiela, Mariano (1860-1962)  ( It has as a member )

Fernández Carnicero, Antonio (1904-1997)  ( It has as a member )

Fernández Doncel, Sixto (1911-?)  ( It has as a member )

Fernández Gómez, José (1915-?)  ( It has as a member )

Fernández Llamas, Honorio Constantino (1939-?)  ( It has as a member )

Fernández Lozano, César (1914-?)  ( It has as a member )

Fernández Martínez, Eladio (1907-?)  ( It has as a member )

Fernández Martínez, Raimundo (1910-?)  ( It has as a member )

Fernández Pérez, Ambrosio (1914-?)  ( It has as a member )

Fernández Pérez, Tomás (1915-?)  ( It has as a member )

Ferranz Villegas, Federico (1891-?)  ( It has as a member )

Ferretjans Sanjuan, Ignacio (1896-1989)  ( It has as a member )

Figuerola Nota, Napoleón (1915-?)  ( It has as a member )

Fiol Pons, Carmelo (1908-?)  ( It has as a member )

Fuyola Miret, Encarnación (1907-1982)  ( It has as a member )

Gaitán Martínez, Juan (ca.1903-?)  ( It has as a member )

Gallego Gil, Celestino (1918-?)  ( It has as a member )

Gallego, Ignacio (1914-1990)  ( It has as a member; Dirigente )

García Balari, Manuel (1911-1977)  ( It has as a member )

García Casteleiro, Jaime (1894-?)  ( It has as a member )

García Cruz, Cecilio (1897-?)  ( It has as a member )

García Gaitero, Prisciliano (1910-1949)  ( Afiliado )

García García, Francisco (1903-?)  ( It has as a member )

García García, Tomás (1911-2004)  ( It has as a member )

García Manzano Blanco, Veneranda (1893-1992)  ( It is owened by/It has X as beneficiary; En México. )

García Narezo, Gabriel (1916-?)  ( It has as a member )

García Salcedo, Rómulo (1904-?)  ( It has as a member; Miembro del Partido Comunista de Cataluña. )

García Sánchez, Cipriano (1927-1995)  ( It has as a member )

Garfias, Pedro (1901-1967)  ( It has as a member )

Garrote Carranza, Pablo (1899-?)  ( It has as a member )

Gómez Nadal, Emili (1907-1994)  ( It has as a member )

Graíño, Alfonso (1922-)  ( It has as a member )

Grimau, Julián (1911-1963)  ( It has as a member )

Guillén Márquez, Miguel (1940-)  ( It has as a member )

Henríquez Caubín, Julián (1907-1979)  ( It has as a member )

Hernández Tomás, Jesús (1907-1971)  ( It is founded by )

Ibárruri, Dolores (1895-1989)  ( It has as a member )

Iglesias, Gerardo (1945-)  ( It has as a member )

Izcaray, Jesús (1908-1980)  ( It has as a member; Miembro del Partido Comunista a su llegada a México (diciembre de 1939). A su regreso a España dirige El Partido Comunista en Valencia (1945). )

Jiménez Blanco, Ángela (1913-?)  ( It has as a member; Afiliada durante unos años. )

Junta Democrática de España  ( He/She is a member of )

Keller, Fred Paul (1913-1993)  ( It has as a member )

La Voz del Campo (semanario, Barcelona, España)

Lastra Méndez Deyá, Faustino (1918-?)  ( It has as a member )

Leal Ochoa, Emilio (1911-?)  ( It has as a member )

León Muñoz, Jesús (1916-?)  ( It has as a member )

León Trilla, Gabriel (1899-1945)  ( It has as a member )

Levine, Benjamin (1916-2007)  ( It has as a member )

Líster, Enrique (1907-1994)  ( It has as a member )

Llácer González, Manuel (1913-?)  ( It has as a member )

López Salinas, Armando (1925-2017)  ( It has as a member )

Luelmo, Julio (1906-1986)  ( It has as a member )

Marquina Merino, Valeriano Basilio (1911-?)  ( It has as a member )

Mateo Merino, Pedro (1912-2000)  ( Colabora con el Partido Comunista )

Melchor Fernández, Federico (1915-1985)  ( It has as a member )

Mendezona Roldán, Ramón (1913-2001)  ( It has as a member )

Mije García, Antonio (1905-1976)  ( It has as a member )

Millares Sall, Agustín (1917-1989)  ( It has as a member )

Molero Giménez, Federico (1908-1969)  ( It has as a member )

Monge María, Felipe (1909-?)  ( It has as a member )

Montero Diaz, Santiago (1911-1985)  ( It has as a member )

Múgica Herzog, Enrique (1932-)  ( It has as a member )

Mundo Obrero (periódico, España)

Muriana Ramírez, Carmen (1948-)  ( It has as a member )

Navarro Ballesteros, Llanos (1916-1999)  ( It has as a member )

Navarro Pérez, Antonio (1912-?)  ( It has as a member )

Nicolás, Vidal de (1922-2016)  ( It has as a member )

Olmedilla Navarro, Adrián (1910-1998)  ( It has as a member )

Ortíz Romero, Santiago (1892-?)  ( It has as a member )

Osuna Emperador, Rosario (1908-?)  ( It has as a member )

Palacio, Carlos (1911-1997)  ( It has as a member )

Palerm Vich, Ángel (1917-1980)  ( Miembro, por divergencias es expulsado. )

Pàmies i Pla, Tomàs (1889-1966)  ( It has as a member )

Perlman, Norman (1909-1996)  ( It has as a member )

Perujo Echevarría, Agapito (aprox. 1903-?)  ( It has as a member )

Perujo Echevarría, Gregorio (aprox. 1906-?)  ( It has as a member )

Perujo Echevarría, Luis (aprox. 1903-?)  ( It has as a member )

Picasso, Pablo (1881-1973)  ( It has as a member )

Planelles Ripoll, Juan (1900-1972)  ( It has as a member )

Riera Mercader, Josep María (1952-2007)  ( It has as a member )

Riva Fernández, Sergio (1899-1991)  ( It has as a member )

Robbins, Albert (1909-ca. 1987)  ( It has as a member )

Roces, Wenceslao (1897-1992)  ( It has as a member )

Rodríguez Chaos, Melquesidez (1919-2015)  ( It has as a member )

Rodríguez Mata, Emilio (1903-?)  ( It has as a member )

Rodríguez Orlean, Juan (1882-?)  ( It has as a member )

Romanillos Llorente, Santiago (1913-?)  ( It has as a member )

Rosal, Amaro del (1904-1991)  ( Cofundador )

Rubio Piñón, Cesáreo (1898-?)  ( It has as a member )

Ruiz Palacios, Lucas (1889-?)  ( It has as a member )

Ruiz Rodríguez, José (1906-?)

Salamanca Fernández, José (1900-?)  ( It has as a member )

Salvadores, Luis (1909-1993)  ( It has as a member )

Sánchez Esteban, Agustina (1916-1973)  ( It has as a member )

Sánchez Esteban, Vicente (1911-1984)  ( It has as a member )

Sánchez Portela, Lino (1908-?)  ( It has as a member )

Sandoval Moris, José (1913-2012)  ( It has as a member )

Santiago Perdices, Mariano (1912-?)

Satué Malo, José (1903-1991)  ( It has as a member )

Segarra Tomás, Enrique (1908-1988)  ( It has as a member )

Segura Sánchez, Luis (1901-?)  ( It has as a member )

Segurajáuregui Olalde, Miguel (1902-1952)  ( It has as a member )

Solé Tura, Jordi (1930-2009)  ( It has as a member )

Soler Gilabert, Alejandra (1913-2017)  ( It has as a member )

Soler Miquel, Pilar (1914-2006)  ( It has as a member )

Soto Martín, Fernando (1938-2014)

Tamames, Ramón (1933-)  ( It has as a member )

Triana, Eugenio (1939-)  ( It has as a member )

Ulibarri González, Cristina (1917- ?)  ( It has as a member; Militante. En México participa en una granja instalada por el PC. )

Uribe, Vicente (1897-1961)  ( It has as a member )

Uribes García, Vicente  ( It has as a member )

Uribes, José Antonio (1911-1974)  ( It has as a member )

Vázquez de Sola, Andrés (1927-)  ( It has as a member )

Vidal Rico, Miguel (1910-?)  ( It has as a member )

Vizcaíno Ochoa, Manuel (1902-?)  ( It has as a member )

Weiner, Milton Morris (1912-1991)  ( It has as a member )

Yakuboniez, Marzek (1903-?)  ( It has as a member )

External Links

Catálogo de Autoridades:

VIAF

Fichero de Autoridades:

Biblioteca Nacional de Espa±a