Person - Carlos VI (1685-1740, emperador del Sacro Imperio Romano Germánico)

Carlos VI (1685-1740, emperador del Sacro Imperio Romano Germánico)




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Carlos VI (1685-1740, emperador del Sacro Imperio Romano Germánico)Other forms

Dates of existence/Biographical dates:

1685-10-01 - 1740-10-20


Charles VI was Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire from 1711 to 1740. He was born in Vienna. He is also known as Archduke Charles of Austria and Charles III of Spain during the War of Spanish Succession. Second son of Leopold I and his third wife Eleonora-Magdalena of Pfalz-Neuburg.

When Charles II of Spain died with no succession, he was one of the pretenders to the Spanish crown and participated in the War of Spanish Succession against Philip V, grandson of Louis XIV of France. The peninsular kingdoms of the Crown of Aragon recognized him as king with the name of Charles III. Whereas the war was going on, his brother Joseph I died suddenly without succession, so the imperial throne fell on him. In 1711 he was crowned Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire in Frankfurt am Main, abdicating the Spanish crown (treaties of Utrecht and Rastadt) in exchange for the Spanish Netherlands, the Milanese, Naples, and Sardinia (which changed the Duke of Savoy in 1720 for Sicily). He fought the Turks (1716-1718) and conquered most of Wallachia and Serbia: However, he lost much of these conquests in a later war (1737-1739).

Although Charles seems to have been somewhat hopeless in political affairs, the Austrian monarchy reached its greatest expansion during his reign. His sons were Empress Maria Theresa I and Maria Anna, but he had no male heirs. He therefore promulgated the Pragmatic Sanction in 1713, which established that his kingdom could not be divided and allowed female heiress to the throne. Probably as a consequence of his years in Spain, he introduced the Spanish court protocol (Spanisches Hofzeremoniell) in Vienna and built the Spanish riding school as well as the Reichskanzlei (State Chancellery). The National Library was built during his reign and during this period the majority of the most important Baroque works were created in Vienna. He also had musical ambitions: he composed, played the harpsichord and conducted the court orchestra.


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Fichero de Autoridades:

Biblioteca Nacional de España