Corporate Body - Ejército Popular de la República. 14. ª Brigada Internacional (España)

Ejército Popular de la República. 14. ª Brigada Internacional (España)

Identification

Type:

Corporate Body

Preferred form:

Ejército Popular de la República. 14. ª Brigada Internacional (España)Other forms

Fechas de Existencia:

from 1936-12-01 to 1938-09-25

History:

The 14th International Brigade, known as La Marseillaise because it was formed mostly by French, was created on December 1, 1936 and completely reorganized in the spring of 1938, being virtually destroyed in the Battle of the Ebro.

At first, the brigade was formed by the Noves Nacions Battalion (later transferred to Commune de Paris Battalion), the Sunday Germinal (formed by Spanish and Portuguese anarchists), the Henri Barbusse and the Pierre Brachet (both formed by French) and theVaillant-Couturier, but throughout their activity they have integrated several battalions as well as the 1st and the 2nd Louise Michel battalions, the Marseillaise (La Marseillaise) Battalion, the Pierre Brachet Battalion, the 9 Nations Battalion (also called Nameless), the February 6 (Six Fevrier) Battalion, the Ralph Fox Battalion, and the André Marty Battalion.

On December 23, 1936, its first foray into the war was in the area of Alcolea, intervening with the Battalion "Noves Nacions" that after several operations in the area of Villa del Rio suffered heavy losses. After the reorganization, the brigade participated in the Battle of Lopera, again with heavy casualties. In late 1936, it moved to the area of Madrid, where it participated in battle of La Coruña road and conflicts of the Sierra de Guadarrama which were extended until mid-January 1937. The losses were substantial, especially for the Henri Barbusse Battalion which was virtually dissolved.

With little time to regroup, the Brigade took part in the Battle of Jarama, next to the 11th and 12th International Brigades, where unable to stop the advance of the rebels many casualties occurred. It participated in the Battle of Brunete, even though not in the toughest operations, and in October 1937, after the integration of the Henri Vuillemin Battalion, 6th of February Battalion and the restructured Pierre Brachet Battalion into the brigade, it performed operations of distraction of the rebellions in the east area of the province of Toledo.

The 14th Brigade was the only international unit that took part in the offensive of Segovia, held between May 30 and June 2, which ended in Republican defeat. On October 17, 1937, a failed attack carried out in the area of the Cuesta de la Reina forced the withdrawal of the brigade because a considerable number of casualties.

In the spring of 1938, it was reorganized with two battalions and participated in the Aragon Front and in the Battle of the Ebro where it was virtually annihilated while trying to cross the Ebro River, because they were discovered by the Nationals and suffered a large number of casualties. Those who remained withdrew messily across the river leaving behind 600 dead fellows, a number of prisoners and lots of military equipment. The 14th Brigade was restored and returned to participate in the fighting on the Ebro Front until its final withdrawal on September 23, 1938.

Spanish Civil War, 1936-1939

Date of the event: 1936 - 1939

 

Related Authorities

Calpe Martín, Jaime (1890-?)  ( Tiene como miembro a; Capitán de la XIV Brigada Internacional , conocida como la "Marsellaise" por ser ciudadanos franceses la mayoría de sus integrantes. Creada en Albacete el 1 de diciembre de 1936, y prácticamente destruída en la Batalla del Ebro. )

Associative relations :

Chrabolowski, Samuel (1910-?)  ( Tiene como miembro a )

Swierczewski, Karol (1897-1947)  ( Tiene como comandante a )

Documents

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