Person - Victoria Eugenia, Queen, consort of Alfonso XIII, King of Spain, 1887-1969

Battenberg, Victoria Eugenia de (1887-1969, reina consorte de España)

Identification

Type:

Person

Preferred form:

Battenberg, Victoria Eugenia de (1887-1969, reina consorte de España)Alternative forms (other languages) Other forms

Dates of existence/Biographical dates:

Inglaterra (Reino Unido)  1887-10-24 - Switzerland  1969-04-15

History:

Wife of Alfonso XIII and daughter of Henry of Battenberg and Princess Beatrice of the United Kingdom, youngest daughter of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom and Prince Albert. His godmother was Empress Eugénie de Montijo. She is the paternal great-grandmother of the Spanish monarch Philip VI. She spent her childhood with her mother and grandmother in the palaces of Balmoral, Windsor, and Osborne. In January 1896 she was eight years old, when his father (Prince Henry), a sailor at the service of the Squadron of the "Empress of the Seas", died aboard the steamboat "La Blonde" as a victim of fevers contracted in Africa. On March 7, 1906 Ena of Battenberg crossed the Spanish border for the first time in order to abjure Protestantism and receive the sacraments of Baptism and Confirmation in San Sebastian; the Bishop of Nottingham celebrated the conversion ceremony in the oratory of Miramar Palace. On March 9, 1906 the Spanish Royal Family announced the engagement of King Alfonso XIII and Princess Victoria Eugenia. The wedding took place in the church of San Jerónimo in Madrid on May 31, 1906. After the ceremony, when the members of the wedding party were on their way back to the Royal Palace, she suffered an attack perpetrated by Mateo Morral. A bomb was thrown from a balcony towards the carriage where the bride and groom were, bounced off its folded hood and killed a large number of people and the entire cavalry. Six children were born from this married couple: Alfonso Pío, Jaime Leopoldo, Beatriz Isabel, María Cristina, Juan, and Gonzalo Manuel. The queen transmitted hemophilia in Alfonso and Gonzalo. On April 15, 1931 the Spanish Royal Family went into exile. After the municipal elections of April 12, 1931, despite the defeat of the Republican parties, a coup d'état took place and they seized power. As a consequence, King Alfonso XIII deliberately suspended the exercise of royal power with the purpose of avoiding bloodshed. The Second Spanish Republic was proclaimed and the Royal Family moved to France and later to the Kingdom of Italy. The royal couple divorced and Victoria Eugenia returned to London. In 1939, after the outbreak of the Second World War, the Queen Consort was invited to leave the United Kingdom and ceased to belong to the British Royal Family. She moved to Lausanne (Switzerland), where she established her permanent residence in a palace called "Vieille Fontaine". In 1938 the whole family gathered in Rome for the baptism of Juan Carlos I, the eldest son of Juan de Borbón. She was his godmother and Cardinal Pacelli the godfather, future Pope Pius XII. On January 15, 1941 Alfonso XIII transferred the inheritance rights of the Spanish Crown to his son Juan. Alfonso XIII died on 28 February 1941 at the Grand Hotel in Rome. Victoria Eugenia returned momentarily to Spain in February 1968, after 37 years of exile, in order to be the godmother in the baptism of her great-grandson, Philip VI of Bourbon. She died on April 15, 1969. On April 25, 1985, the Royal House moved his mortal remains and those of his sons Alfonso, Jaime, and Gonzalo to Spain, which rest in El Escorial.

Internal Structure-Genealogy:

Hija de Enrique de Battenberg y de su esposa, la princesa Beatriz, hija menor de la reina Victoria del Reino Unido y del príncipe Alberto.

Madre de Juan de Borbón y bisabuela de Felipe VI.

Places

Iglesia de San Jerónimo el Real (Madrid, España) in 1906-05-31 Obs.:  Lugar de matrimonio.

Lugar de Nacimiento:

Inglaterra (Reino Unido) in 1887-10-24

Lugar de Defunción:

Switzerland in 1969-04-15

Sources

Ferrera Cuesta, Carlos: Diccionario de Historia de España.-Madrid: Alianza Editorial, 2005.

Enciclopedia Universal Ilustrada Europeo-Americana. -Madrid: Espasa Calpe, 1988. Tomo 68, p. 631.

RUBIO ARAGONÉS, M.J. Reinas de España; Siglos XVIII-XXI, de María Luisa Gabriela de Saboya a Letizia Ortíz.-Madrid, La Esfera de los Libros, 2009

Historia de España Menéndez Pidal. Dir. por J.M. Jover Zamora. La España de Alfonso XIII. El Estado y la Política (1902-1931). Tomo XXXVII. Vol. I. De los comienzos del reinado a los problemas de la posguerra, 1902-1922, por Carlos Seco Serrano.-Madrid: Espasa Calpe, 1995.

Rubio Aragonés, María José: Reinas de España; Siglos XVIII-XXI, de María Luisa Gabriela de Saboya a Letizia Ortíz.-Madrid, La Esfera de los Libros, 2009. P. 783-848

Related Authorities

Reina consorte de España  ( Ocupa /Ejerce de_en )

Charge :

External Links

Catálogo de Autoridades.:

ISNI

Página Institucional.:

Real Biblioteca. Micrositios.

Recurso web.:

REBIUN

Fichero de Autoridades.:

VIAF

Fichero de Autoridades.:

VIAF

Fichero de Autoridades:

Biblioteca Nacional de España