Person - Saboya, María Luisa Gabriela de (1688-1714, reina consorte de España)

Saboya, María Luisa Gabriela de (1688-1714, reina consorte de España)

Identification

Type:

Person

Preferred form:

Saboya, María Luisa Gabriela de (1688-1714, reina consorte de España)Other forms

Dates of existence/Biographical dates:

Turín (Piamonte, Italia)  1688-09-13 - 1714-02-14

History:

Maria Luisa of Savoy (1688-1714), Queen of Spain (1701-1714) because of her marriage to Philip V, first Spanish king of the Bourbon monarchy. Daughter of t Victor Amadeus II, Duke of Savoy, and Anne Marie d'Orléans (daughter of Philippe I, Duke of Orléans, brother of King Louis XIV of France). Her marriage to Philip was made by decision of the French king and his grandfather, Louis XIV.

In order to avoid the influence of Italian characters in the Spanish court, the Princesse des Ursins was named her server and ended up having a great influence on the monarchs, such as Cardinal Portocarrero. In 1702 she was appointed Governor and General Administrator, while Philip moved to war scenarios.

In the Battle of Cádiz, an allied army of 14,000 men landed near that city at a time when there were almost no troops in Spain. They gathered hurriedly, even resorting to private funds from the wife of Philip V, Queen Maria Luisa of Savoy and Cardinal Luis Manuel Fernandez de Portocarrero. This allied army was rejected and the Spanish defense triumphed.

The official and private correspondence that was sent to Versailles offers a profile of documentary interest of the French power in the Spanish court, like ambassadors, case of the count of Marsin, the D`Estrées, the duke of Gramont, or the Marquis and Marquise of Gournay, Bonnac and Brancas, courtiers who held the highest palatine positions such as the Marquis de Louville, head of the French family of Philip V, military and financiers who collaborated with the kings intermittently for more than a decade, such as the Dukes of Berwick and Vendôme, the Count of Tessé or Jean Orry.

Maria Luisa had four children; the eldest one was Louis Ferdinand, who became King with the royal name of Louis I during some months of 1724.

The second and third children died a few years after his birth and the fourth was king as Ferdinand VI of Spain. One year after Ferdinand's birth the queen died of tuberculosis when she was only twenty-six years old. She is buried in the Royal Crypt of the Monastery of El Escorial.

Places

Figueres (Girona, España) in 1701-11-02 Obs.:  Lugar de matrimonio.

Lugar de Nacimiento:

Turín (Piamonte, Italia) in 1688-09-13

Lugar de Defunci¾n:

Madrid (España) in 1714-02-14

Sources

Historia de España. La época de los primeros Borbones. La nueva monarquía y su posiciónen Europa (1700-1759). Tomo XXIX. Vol. I/ F. Cánovas Sánchez, J.A. Escudero, J.M. Garía Marín...et al. 3ª ed.-Madrid: Espasa Calpe, 1985

Rubio Aragonés, María José. Reinas de España: las Austrias. Siglos XVIII-XXI, de María Luisa Gabriela de Saboya a Letizia Ortíz.-Madrid, La Esfera de los Libros, 2009. P. 19-76

Related Authorities

Family relationships :

Felipe V (1683-1746, rey de España)  - Marriage (He/She is married to; Primera esposa de Felipe V.)

Orleans, Ana María de (1669-1728)  - Descendant (He/She is the son/daughter of)

Víctor Amadeo II (1666-1732, rey de Cerdeña)  - Descendant (He/She is the son/daughter of)

Fernando VI (1713-1759, rey de España)  - Progenitor (She is the mother of)

Luis I (1707-1724, rey de España)  - Progenitor (She is the mother of)

See ancestors See successors

Macanaz, Melchor Rafael de (1670-1760)

Associative relations :

Reina consorte de España  ( Ocupa /Ejerce de_en )

Charge :