Person - Landis, Arthur Harold (1917-1986)

Landis, Arthur Harold (1917-1986)

Identification

Type:

Person

Preferred form:

Landis, Arthur Harold (1917-1986)Other forms

Dates of existence/Biographical dates:

Alabama (Estados Unidos)  1917-11-21 - 1986-01-31

History:

Landis, Arthur Harold was born on the 21st of November 1917 into a family of vaudeville performers in Birmingham, Alabama, and spent most of his youth in Redondo Beach, California. During the Depression, Landis moved across the Western states picking up work in canneries, mills, and on fruit farms.

In April 1937, at 19, Landis went to Spain to fight in the Spanish Civil War. He worked as a scout, a typographer, and an artillery spotter with the MacKenzie-Papineau Battalion, and fought in the battles of Aragon and Teruel, where he was injured. Landis also worked for a stint for an intelligence unit, and participated in an aborted operation to blow up the Italian Fleet headquarters. Just before Barcelona fell to Franco, Landis helped load the 15th International Brigade Archives onto a Soviet ship. He sailed back to the United States on the "Ausonia" in December 1938.

Shortly after his return to the United States, he went to work for her father as a ladies clothing salesman in Rochester, Minnesota. Struggling financially, Landis moved to Mexico City before settling in California in 1944. It was in the mid-1950s that Landis began to actively pursue a career as a writer.

In 1967, Landis published "The Abraham Lincoln Brigade", an account of the experiences of Americans who fought in the Spanish Civil War. The book was based largely upon the reminiscences of Spanish Civil War veterans, which Landis collected via correspondence and on audiotapes. The year his book came out, Landis was awarded a medal by the Presidium of the Soviet Committee of War-Veterans for his "great contribution in the history of the struggle of the Internationalists against fascism on the battlefields of Spain."

In 1972, Landis published "Spain! The Unfinished Revolution" about the political complexities on the Republican side of the Spanish Civil War. The book was published by Camelot, a company run by Landis with close friend and fellow Spanish Civil War veteran, Manny Harriman. Despite a bitter dispute with the leadership of the Volunteers of the Abraham Lincoln Brigade (VALB) in the mid-1970s over the unauthorized translation into Russian of an essay written by Landis, he remained devoted to VALB throughout his life, contributing occasional articles to the association's newsletter, The Volunteer, and maintaining close associations with many VALB members.

In addition to his political writing and radical activism (he participated in the anti-Vietnam War movement in the 1960s, among other activities), Landis established himself as a fantasy and science fiction writer. He published, edited and wrote for Coven 13, a gothic fantasy magazine, in the late sixties, and wrote a series of fantasy/science fiction novels (occasionally under the pen name James R. Keaveny, after an old family friend). Landis also published and wrote for Dealer's Voice, a motorcycle magazine. Through the 1970s, Landis worked occasionally as truck driver to supplement his writing income. Landis died in January 1986 in Los Angeles.

Spanish Civil War, 1936-1939

Date of the event: 1936 - 1939

 

Occupations

Activity:

Brigadists

Places

Domicile:

United States

Lugar de Nacimiento:

Alabama (Estados Unidos) in 1917-11-21

Lugar de Defunci¿n:

Los Ángeles (California, Estados Unidos) in 1986-01-31

Sources

Martínez Reverte, Jorge. Guerreros y traidores: de la guerra de España a la Guerra Fría. 1ª edición. Barcelona: Galaxia Gutenberg. 2014. 242 páginas. ISBN: 978-84-672-5803-5 .

Related Authorities

Brigadas Internacionales (España)

Associative relations :

External Links

Catálogo Archivístico:

Archivegrid

Catálogo Bibliotecario:

Jewish Virtual Library

Catálogo Bibliotecario:

NYU Libraries

Recurso web:

The Volunteer

Recurso web:

The volunteer

Catálogo de Autoridades:

VIAF

Fichero de Autoridades:

Biblioteca Nacional de Espa¿a

Documents

Producer of:

  • No Units of Description associated.