Person - Geiser, Carl Frederick (1910-2009)

Geiser, Carl Frederick (1910-2009)

Identification

Type:

Person

Preferred form:

Geiser, Carl Frederick (1910-2009)Other forms

Dates of existence/Biographical dates:

Ohio (Estados Unidos)  1910-12-10 - 2009-11-28

History:

Geiser, Carl Frederick was born in Orrville, Ohio, on the 10th of December 1910. He was the oldest of six children and his parents died when he was young. His maternal grandparents were Swiss immigrants who spoke little English, raised Geiser and his siblings. He received his primary education in a one-room schoolhouse while helping to tend the family's sixteen-acre farm. Upon his graduation from Orrville High School in 1928, he enrolled in the YMCA School of Technology in Cleveland, where he majored in electrical engineering.

In 1932, following the establishment of diplomatic relations between the United States and the Soviet Union, Geiser was part of the first National Student Federation mission to travel to the newly recognized country. This visit had a decisive influence on shaping Geiser's political thinking. Impressed by the Soviet system and the tenets of socialist ideology, Geiser joined the Young Communist League upon his return to Ohio. He became an active force in the American Student Union in Cleveland and served as a delegate to the First Student Congress against War and Fascism held in Chicago. He moved to New York where he was absorbed into a dynamic culture of political activism. Geiser wrote press releases and edited International Labor Defense bulletins, organized for the League against War and Fascism, and in 1936 he was elected to the National Committee of the Young Communist League.

On the 13th of April1937, Geiser boarded the "Georgic" to join the International Brigades to defense the Spanish Republic. He served as an ammunition carrier at the Battle of Brunete, saw action at Quinto, and advanced to the rank of Lieutenant. Following the Battle of Belchite in September 1937, Geiser was promoted to Political Commissar and charged with the organization of a training school for commissars at Tarazona. Wounded at the conflict at Fuentes de Ebro, Geiser was hospitalized for three months. Returned to the front as Commissar of the Mackenzie-Papineau Battalion in January 1938, he was captured by fascist forces on the 1st of April 1938. For the next year, he was interned at San Pedro de Cardeña, along with over 650 International Brigades prisoners. Through the efforts of the Friends of the Abraham Lincoln Brigade and the U.S. State Department, Geiser and a group of 71 Americans were released in April 1939.

Geiser returned to New York and secured an engineering position with Liquidometer, a manufacturer of aeronautic equipment. Working with the company in various capacities for the next 40 years, Geiser filed numerous patents and, as a research director, supervised the testing of a component used in the first lunar mission. In 1956, Geiser enrolled at Columbia University's School of General Studies as a psychology major, and graduated with a Bachelor of Science degree cum laude in 1963.

Upon retirement at age 71, Geiser began to write a comprehensive history of American volunteers captured during the Spanish Civil War. With the assistance of fellow prisoner Robert Steck, Geiser amassed biographical information on the 120 Americans incarcerated in Spanish prisons. He also corresponded with over 150 veterans worldwide to solicit their reminiscences, and traveled to archives in the United States and Europe to conduct research. Ring Lardner, Jr. (whose brother James was killed in action while fighting with the International Brigades) and members of Veterans of the Abraham Lincoln Brigade, eager to see the project to fruition, provided financial support. Five years of research and writing culminated in the production of a 900-page manuscript. "Prisoners of the Good Fight" a shortened version of his account, was published in 1986. He died on the 28th of November 2009 in Corvalis, Colorado.

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Spanish Civil War, 1936-1939

Date of the event: 1936 - 1939

 

Occupations

Activity:

Brigadists

Places

Domicile:

United States

Lugar de Nacimiento:

Ohio (Estados Unidos) in 1910-12-10

Lugar de Defunci¿n:

Colorado (Estados Unidos) in 2009-11-28

Sources

Martínez Reverte, Jorge (2014), Martínez Reverte, Jorge, Guerrilleros y traidores. De la guerra de España a la guerra fría. Madrid, Círculo de Lectores, 2014

Related Authorities

Brigadas Internacionales (España)

Associative relations :

External Links

Recurso web:

Alba Volunteer

Recurso web:

Alba Volunteer

Catálogo Archivístico:

Archivegrid

Catálogo Bibliotecario:

Digital Public Library of America

Catálogo Bibliotecario:

Jewish Virtual Library

Recurso web:

The Jaily News

Recurso web:

The volunteer

Catálogo de Autoridades:

VIAF

Fichero de Autoridades:

Biblioteca Nacional de Espa¿a

Documents

Producer of:

  • No Units of Description associated.