Spanish Archives - Ministry of Education, Culture and Sport

Person - Reed, Robert Lee (1914-2005)

Reed, Robert Lee (1914-2005)




Preferred form:

Reed, Robert Lee (1914-2005)Other forms

Dates of existence/Biographical dates:

Texas (Estados Unidos)  1914-06-06 - 2005-01-29


Reed, Bob Robert was born on the 6th of July 1914, in Rodney, Texas. Bob was one six children in a family of cotton farmers. Upon graduation, Bob submitted an application to Commonwealth College, where hr studied labor history. In 1933, Bob joined both the Communist Party (CP) and the Young Communist League (YCL), for which he served as the Arkansas state organizer.

Bob sailed for Europe aboard the "Vollendam" on the 24th of April 1937. After docking on France' Atlantic coast, he traveled across France to Marsaille. There, he boarded the ill-fated City of Barcelona. The Spanish coastal freighter, carrying approximately 500 international volunteers, was torpedoed by a Nationalist submarine on the 30th of May 1937. The ship sank in minutes. Despite the lingering threat of the submarine, local fishermen launched their boats in a rescue effort. Bob was among those saved by locals. About 50 of the volunteers lost their lives. Bob traveled to Albacete, where he formally enrolled in the International Brigades on the 1st of June 1937. He then moved to Tarazona, where he joined the Mackenzie-Papineau Battalion in training. He served in every battle that the battalion fought

Bob joined the U.S. Army on December 27, 1941. He was in the quartermaster branch and served in the Air Forces. He earned the rank of Master Sergeant before his discharge on the 16th of November 1945. After the war, Bob spent a year in New York before returning to Detroit. Bob continued his party work, serving as the circulation manager of a new Detroit workers' paper, The Herald. In 1961, Bob quietly left the party. He moved to Seattle, Washington, where he returned to school and earned a Master's degree in Social Work from the University of Washington. He worked as the director of a service center for the residents of a low-income housing community.

He died on the 29th of January 2005.

Spanish Civil War, 1936-1939

Date of the event: 1936 - 1939







United States

Lugar de Nacimiento:

Texas (Estados Unidos) in 1914-06-06


Martínez Reverte, Jorge (2014), Martínez Reverte, Jorge, Guerrilleros y traidores. De la guerra de España a la guerra fría. Madrid, Círculo de Lectores, 2014

Related Authorities

Brigadas Internacionales (España)

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Related documents:

  • Centro Documental de la Memoria Histórica  (2)