Person - Gates, John (1913-1992)

Gates, John (1913-1992)

Identification

Type:

Person

Preferred form:

Gates, John (1913-1992)Other forms

Fechas de existencia:

New York  1913-09-28 - 1992-05-23

History:

John Gates was born as Solomon Regenstreif on September 28, 1913, in New York. He was a Jewish, single, a Party Organizer and a Party Functionary. He attended the City College of New York on a scholarship in the 1st year. He was a member of the Young Communist League (YCL) since 1931 and a section organizer of the Communist Party of the United States of America (CPUSA) since April 1933.

He sailed on February 6, 1937, aboard the “Paris” and arrived in Spain on February 16, 1937. During the Spanish Civil War, he rose to battalion political commissar of the Lincoln-Washington Battalion, where he was known as a strict disciplinarian. In 1938, he was involved in the controversial decision to execute a deserter named Paul White who was executed for disciplinary reasons. He served with the 86th Mixed Brigade as Political Commissar and in the 15th International Brigade, part of the General Staff as Political Commissar for the brigade with the rank of Lieutenant Colonel. He returned to the US on December 20, 1938, aboard the “Ausonia”.

In December 1941, he enlisted in the US Armed forces and fought in the Second World War with the 6th Armored Division and in the 59th Armored Field Artillery as cadre. When the unit went overseas, he was transferred to a service company. Gates appealed the transfer but he lost. Later, he was sent to Aleutian Islands and assigned to 209th Field Artillery and he remained with the unit until it rotated back to the United States in 1944. Gates volunteered for Airborne and joined to the 17th Airborne Division in Germany after completing United States Army Airborne School, known also as Jump School. He was discharged in 1946 for making a jump with the unit on a non-military objective.

Returning to the United States, Gates became the head of the YCL Later, he became the editor of the Daily Worker, whose editorial policy put him at odds with the Party leadership, and he took liberal positions embracing Nikita Khrushchev's criticisms of Stalin and opposing the Soviet Union's suppression of the 1956 Hungarian Revolution. In 1958, Gates left the leadership and CPUSA after 27 years of dedication.

He died on May 23, 1992, in Miami, Florida.

Spanish Civil War, 1936-1939

Date of the event: 1936 - 1939

 

Occupations

actividad:

Brigadistas

Places

Lugar de Residencia:

Estados Unidos

Lugar de Nacimiento:

New York in 1913-09-28

Sources

Martínez Reverte, Jorge. Guerreros y traidores: de la guerra de España a la Guerra Fría. 1ª edición. Barcelona: Galaxia Gutenberg. 2014. 242 páginas. ISBN: 978-84-672-5803-5 .

External Links

Recurso web:

Alba Volunteer

Recurso web:

Jewish Virtual Library

Recurso web:

The volunteer

Documents

Producer of:

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