Simón Bolivar
Person - Bolívar, Simón (1783-1830)

Bolívar, Simón (1783-1830)

Identification

Type:

Person

Preferred form:

Bolívar, Simón (1783-1830)Other forms

Dates of existence/Biographical dates:

1783-07-24 - Santa Marta (Magdalena, Colombia)  1830-12-17

History:

Simón Bolívar (Caracas, July 24, 1783 - Santa Marta, December 17, 1830). He was a soldier and Venezuelan politician. He was known as "The Liberator". He was one of the most important figures of American emancipation against the Spanish Crown. He contributed decisively to the independence of the current countries of Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Panama, Peru and Venezuela. He belonged to a family of Basque origin who had settled in Venezuela at the end of the 16th century, who had a good economic and social position. He was the son of the Colonel Juan Vicente Bolívar and Ponte (1726-1786), and Concepción Palacios Blanco (1758-1792). He studied with Simón Rodríguez (1771-1854), who headed the School of Letters of Caracas and he also received lessons from Andrés Bello (1781-1865). In January 1797, he joined the Battalion of the Militias of Blancos of the valleys of Aragua, in which his father had been Colonel long time ago. Between 1799 and 1806, he lived most of the time in Europe dedicated to study in Spain and traveling through other countries such as France and Italy. He married Maria Teresa del Toro Alayza (1781-1803), but he suddenly widowed in 1803. At the end of 1806, he was aware of the attempts that the predecessor Francisco de Miranda (1750- 1816), made in Venezuela, that is the reason why he decided to return to America to give a twist to his life. In 1810, he was commissioned, along with Andrés Bello (1781-1865) and López Méndez (1758-1841), to travel to England and defend the independence of Venezuela in this country. Bolívar joined the army, and with the rank of Colonel in 1811, under the orders of Miranda, he helped in the subjugation of Valencia. In 1812, he could not avoid that the plaza of Puerto Cabello, of which he was commander, fell into the hands of the realist forces. He moved to Cartagena de Indias and there he wrote and published his "Memoria dirigida a los ciudadanos de la Nueva Granada por un caraqueño" - Memory addressed to citizens of New Granada by native of Caracas- , one of his fundamental writings. Then, it started their military campaigns, in which they alternated victories and defeats until 1818. From the following year, the triumphs would prevail: in 1821, in the battle of Carabobo, Bolivar won a struggle that decided definitively the independence of Venezuela; in 1824, in Junín, he defeated the Real Army of Peru. Bolivar invited the new Nations to send his plenipotentiaries to the Congress that would gather in Panama in June 1826. He died near of Santa Marta (today Colombia), on December 17, 1830. In 1842, his remains were moved to Caracas where they rest in the National Pantheon.

Occupations

Places

Lugar de Defunción:

Santa Marta (Magdalena, Colombia) in 1830-12-17

Subjects

Gender:

Varón

Related Authorities

Bello, Andrés (1781-1865)  ( He/She is apprentice/student/employee of )

Associative relations :

Caicedo Sanz de Santamaría, José Domingo (1783-1843)

Miranda, Francisco de (1750-1816)  ( He/She is friend with )

Montilla, Mariano (1782-1851)  ( He/She/It collaborated with )

Pétion, Alexandre (1770-1818)  ( He/She/It collaborated with )

Rocafuerte, Vicente (1783-1847)

Santander, Francisco de Paula (1792-1840)  ( He/She/It collaborated with )

Family relationships :

Clemente Palacios, Pablo de (1771-?)  - Collateral (He/She is my brother-in-law/sister-in-law)

Palacios Blanco, Carlos (1762-1805)  - Collateral (He/She is the nephew/niece of)

Palacios Blanco, Esteban (1767-1830)  - Collateral (He/She is the nephew/niece of)

Palacios Blanco, Feliciano (1763-1838)  - Collateral (He/She is the nephew/niece of)

Palacios Blanco, Pedro (1779-1811)  - Collateral (He/She is the nephew/niece of)

Bolívar Ponte, Juan Vicente de (1726-1786)  - Descendant (He/She is the son/daughter of)

Palacios Blanco, María de la Concepción (1758-1792)  - Descendant (He/She is the son/daughter of)

See ancestors

Temporary relationships :

Humboldt, Alexander von (1769-1859)  - Contemporary (He/She is contemporary with)

External Links

Recurso web:

Archivo del Libertador

Catálogo de Autoridades:

LIBRIS

Catálogo de Autoridades:

VIAF

Fichero de Autoridades:

Biblioteca Nacional de España

Documents

Producer of:

  • No Units of Description associated.