Person - Gaya, Ramón (1910-2005)

Gaya, Ramón (1910-2005)




Preferred form:

Gaya, Ramón (1910-2005)Other forms

Fechas de existencia:

Murcia (España)  1910-10-10 - València (España)  2005-10-15


Spanish painter and writer that was exiled. He was born in Murcia in 1910, son of a Catalonian lithographer, Salvador Gaya, who was also a cultured worker with anarchists ideas and a large library in his own house. Ramón started to paint when he was still young. His masters were Pedro Flores and Luis Garay, two friends of his father's.

His first exhibition was at the age of 10. He quit studying, trained as lithographer and worked as painter. In 1927, thanks to Jorge Guillén, he was granted a scholarship from the Murcia city hall to study painting in Paris. He made a successful exhibition in Paris in 1928, but the Avant-Garde painting disappointed him and returned to Spain.

Between 1931 and 1939, he lived in Madrid, where he founded the "Hora de España" magazine (1937-1938) along with Rafael Dieste and others. They had collaborations of several intellectuals like Antonio Machado or Rafael Alberti. He participated in the "Misiones Pedagógicas" travelling around the villages of Spain. He met his wife in Almería, Fe Sanz, who was literature teacher. They married in 1936.

When the Spanish Civil War started, he was member of the "Alianza de Intelectuales Antifascistas". His only daughter, Isabel, was born in 1937 in Valencia. His wife died in Figueras bombings during the last days of the conflict. Ramón went to France along with the army and his daughter and entered Saint-Cyrien concentration camp, where he stayed 16 days. His daughter was taken care of by some friends, artists as well, in Portugal. He reunited with "Hora de España" group and went to Mexico on board "Sinaia" ship. He settled there until 1952, collaborating with his writings in some Mexican magazines like "Taller", "El hijo pródigo", etc, and painting as well. In 1956, he moved to Italy and then to France, returning to Spain in 1960 at the request of Panero and Luis Rosales. He met his second wife, Isabel Verdejo, and married again. He lived in Spain and France and made several exhibitions. In 1985, the Ministry of Education, Culture and Sport granted him the Gold Medal of Merit in the Fine Arts, and a museum focused on his work was founded in Murcia in 1990 with more than 500 paintings donated by him to the city. In 1997, he was granted the National Plastic Arts Award, and was designated an Honorary degree by the University of Murcia in 1999. He made an exhibition in 2000 in the Valencian Institute of Modern Art (IVAM), and was granted in 2002 the Velazquez Award of Fine Arts by the Ministry of Education, Culture and Sport on his first edition. He died in Valencia in 2005.

Spanish Civil War, 1936-1939

Date of the event: 1936 - 1939

Sinaia (barco de vapor)

Description: Expedición que sale de Burdeos (Francia) y llega al puerto de Veracruz (México) en junio de 1939.

Date of the event: 1939-06-13

Location associated with the date: Veracruz (México)



Pintores between 1920 and 2005 Obs.:  Realiza su primera exposición con 10 años.




Lugar de Residencia:

París (Francia) in 1928

Lugar de Residencia:

Madrid (España) between 1931 and 1939

Lugar de Llegada:

Veracruz (México) in 1940

Lugar de Residencia:

Ciudad de México (México) between 1940 and 1952

Lugar de Residencia:

Italia in 1956

Lugar de Residencia:

Francia between 1952 and 1956

Lugar de Nacimiento:

Murcia (España) in 1910-10-10

Lugar de Defunción:

València (España) in 2005-10-15





. Hora de España : revista mensual. Valencia ; Barcelona: Tip. Moderna. v..

. Pla Brugat, Dolores. Catálogo del fondo de historia oral : refugiados españoles en México : Archivo de la Palabra. 1ª ed.. Dolores Pla Brugat (coordinadora). México D.F.: Instituto Nacional de Antropología e Historia. 2011. 1 CD-ROM. 978-607-484-184-8.

Gaya, Ramón. Aub, Elena. Proyecto de Historia Oral "Refugiados Españoles en México", Archivo de la Palabra, Instituto Nacional de Antropología e Historia (INAH), México : entrevista a Ramón Gaya. realizada... por Elena Aub [para el Instituto Nacional de Antropología e Historia de México En Colaboración Con el Ministerio de Cultura de España]. [s.L.: S.N.]. 306 P..

Related Authorities

Alberti, Rafael (1902-1999)  ( Es colega/ amigo de )

Associative relations :

Alianza de Intelectuales Antifascistas para la Defensa de la Cultura (España)  ( Es miembro de )

Cernuda, Luis (1902-1963)  ( Colabora con )

Machado, Antonio (1875-1939)  ( Es colega/ amigo de )

Universidad de Murcia (España)  ( Se le concede el título de; Doctor Honoris Causa )

External Links

Recurso web:

Museo Ramón Gaya

Catálogo de Autoridades:


Fichero de Autoridades:

Biblioteca Nacional de España