Antonio Machado
Person - Machado, Antonio (1875-1939)

Machado, Antonio (1875-1939)




Preferred form:

Machado, Antonio (1875-1939)Other forms

Dates of existence/Biographical dates:

Sevilla (España)  1875-07-26 - Colliure (Pirineos Orientales, Francia)  1939-02-22


Spanish writer. He was born in Seville on 26th July 1875, being Antonio Machado Álvarez and Ana Ruíz Hernández his parents. In 1883, he moved to Madrid along with his family, where he was educated on the basis of the Free Institution of Education. Later on, Antonio joined the San Isidro and the Cardinal Cisneros Institutes, both located in Madrid. In 1896 he joined as an extra the María Guerrero and Fernando Díaz de Mendoza's company. Thereafter he traveled several times to Paris, where he worked along with his brother at the Garnier Publishing Company, coming into contact with the Modernist movement.

In 1903, Machado started his literary career with the publication of "Soledades", his first poetry book. From that moment on, he collaborated in numerous literary publications such as Blanco y Negro, Helios or Alma Española, among others. In 1907, an extended version of "Soledades" was published under the name of "Soledades. Galerías. Otros Poemas".

After the publication of his second poetry book, Machado started working as a French teacher in a Secondary Studies Institute of Soria. His stay in this Castilian city marked his work deeply. Machado met there Leonor Izquierdo, with which he got married in 1909. Unfortunately, during a trip to Paris, Leonor got tuberculosis and died shortly after they came back to Soria. Machado's Castilian experience is reflected in his third work, "Campos de Castilla", which was published in the same year.

After Leonor's death, Machado moved to Baeza where he worked as a French Grammar teacher. During those years, and with the aim of improving his job opportunities, he studied Philosophy and Letters. He met Federico García Lorca just on these days. Finally, he obtained the transfer to Segovia in 1936. His stay in this Castilian city opened up doors to the Madrilenian cultural life, due to its closeness. During this period of time, Machado collaborated in the magazine Manantial.

With the advent of the Second Republic, Machado obtained a chair in French in Madrid. During this period of time, he collaborated in some newspapers like El Sol or El Diario de Madrid. In 1936, when the Civil War broke out, Machado left Madrid to go to Valencia, and then to Barcelona. During this period of time, and despite his health had been deteriorated, he wrote profusely.

On January 1939, when the Civil War was going in the National's favor, Machado and his family went into exile to France. After a journey full of incidents, Machado arrived to Collioure, where he died on 22nd February of the same year.

Spanish Civil War, 1936-1939

Date of the event: 1936 - 1939





Soria (provincia)


Segovia (España)

Lugar de Nacimiento:

Sevilla (España) in 1875-07-26

Lugar de Defunción:

Colliure (Pirineos Orientales, Francia) in 1939-02-22

Related Authorities

Family relationships :

Machado, Manuel (1874-1947)  - Collateral (Es hermano/a de)

Machado Martínez, Ana (1917-1997)  - Collateral (Es tio/a de)

Machado Martínez, Mercedes (1918-1991)  - Collateral (Es tio/a de)

Machado Ruiz, Francisco (1884-1950)  - Collateral (Es hermano/a de)

Álvarez Guerra, José (1778-1863)  - Descendant (He is the great-grandson/great-granddaughter of)

Machado Álvarez, Antonio (1846-1893)  - Descendant (Hijo de)

Ruiz Hernández, Ana (1854-1939)  - Descendant (Hijo de)

See ancestors


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