Person - Dorronsoro Dorronsoro, Carmen (1909-?)

Dorronsoro Dorronsoro, Carmen (1909-?)




Preferred form:

Dorronsoro Dorronsoro, Carmen (1909-?)Other forms

Dates of existence/Biographical dates:

Madrid (España)  1909-07-18 - desconocida


Spanish piano teacher that was exiled. She was born in Madrid in 1909 and was member of an upper-middle class catholic family from Navarre. Her parents died when she was 14 years old and was under the custody of her maternal uncle and aunt. She studied the higher secondary-education course, piano and French in French schools in Madrid. His political influence and training came from her brothers and husband. In 1933, she married Wenceslao Roces, professor in the University of Salamanca, and were parents of a girl. Since 1934 to 1935, her husband was imprisoned because he took part of the Asturian miners' strike. She and her husband were to the URSS because he was recommended to work in the Marx-Engels Institute of Moscow. She worked in the radio as proofreader.

They returned to Spain in 1936 and she worked in the International Association of Friends of the Soviet Union, and later as secretary of the Soviet Ambassador in Madrid. Afterwards, she worked with Constancia de la Mora and in the "Junta de Auxilio Femenina". When the Spanish Civil War started, she was in Madrid and her daughter was in León with Carmen's parents-in-law. In the meantime, her husband was sent to Paris, from where he returned when he was designated Sub-Secretary of Education. She went to Paris looking for resources for the creation of "feeding centers", and also to say goodbye to her daughter, that was heading to the URSS along with other refugees children. She collected the money for the feeding centers from Pablo Picasso. When she went back to Spain, she continued with her activity in the "Auxilio Femenino" until the fall of Barcelona.

She moved to France and entered Le Boulou concentration camp. However, she managed to escape to Perpignan and then to Paris. She went to Chile on board "Masilia" ship in 1941. She moved to Mexico one year later and had her second child in 1944. In 1947, she started working in the conservatory as library director. She also worked for the Communist Party by helping Spanish prisoners.

Regarding her daughter's situation, she reunited her parents in Mexico seven years later she went to the URSS. In 1953, Carmen worked as the pianist actress in Mexican movie "Él", directed by Luis Buñuel. he never became Mexican citizen and returned to Spain in many times, though only for a visit.

Spanish Civil War, 1936-1939

Date of the event: 1936 - 1939



Profesores  Obs.:  de Piano





Moscú (Rusia) in 1935

Chile in 1941

México in 1944

Lugar de Nacimiento:

Madrid (España) in 1909-07-18



. Pla Brugat, Dolores. Catálogo del fondo de historia oral : refugiados españoles en México : Archivo de la Palabra. 1ª ed.. Dolores Pla Brugat (coordinadora). México D.F.: Instituto Nacional de Antropología e Historia. 2011. 1 CD-ROM. 978-607-484-184-8.

Dorronsoro de Roces, Carmen. Mantecón de Souto, Matilde. Proyecto de Historia Oral "Refugiados Españoles en México", Archivo de la Palabra, Instituto Nacional de Antropología e Historia (INAH), México : entrevista a Carmen Dorronsoro de Roces. realizada por Matilde Mantecón [para el Instituto Nacional de Antropología E Historia de México En Colaboración Con el Ministerio de Cultura de España]. [s.L.: S.N.]: 1980]. 274 H..

Related Authorities

Buñuel, Luis (1900-1983)  ( He/She/It collaborated with )

Associative relations :

Picasso, Pablo (1881-1973)  ( He/She is friend with; Picasso colabora económicamente con la causa republicana, donando dinero para la creación de comedores sociales, en España, durante la Guerra. )

Family relationships :

Roces, Wenceslao (1897-1992)  - Marriage (He/She is married to)

Dorronsoro Dorronsoro, José María (1902-1965)  - Collateral (He/She is the brother/sister of)

Jiménez Blanco, Ángela (1913-?)  - Collateral (He/She is my brother-in-law/sister-in-law)


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