Luis Buñuel
Person - Buñuel, Luis (1900-1983)

Buñuel, Luis (1900-1983)




Preferred form:

Buñuel, Luis (1900-1983)Other forms

Fechas de existencia:

1900-02-22 - 1983-07-29


Luis Buñuel was a Spanish scriptwriter and film director, father of the cinematographic surrealism. Buñuel was born in Calanda but moved to Madrid in 1917 in order to study. He settled in the student's residence, where he entered the intelectual world and met Salvador Dalí, Federico García Lorca, Juan Ramón Jiménez y Rafael Albert, among other outstanding people. He began interesting in dadaism and Louis Aragon and André Bretón's work. These people made him to go to Paris when he finished his studies so he could attend intelectual and surrealist movement chats. When Bueñuel watched a Fritz Lang's movie, "Destiny" (1921), he decided to work in the cinema industry. He also met his wife in Paris, Jeanne Rucar, who he got married and had two sons with: Juan Luis and Rafael. He began working in cinema as director assistant of Jean Epstein, and made his first short film with Salvador Dalí: "An Andalusian Dog" (1929). From that moment, he was admitted inside the surrealist group, along with Max Ernst, André Breton, Tristan Tzara, Magritte and Louis Aragon.

In 1930, Buñuel went to Hollywood, hired by the Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer, in order to know and learn the production system they worked with. He met there the famous Charles Chaplin and Serguéi Eisenstein. In 1931, when the Spanish Second Republic was about to be proclaimed, he went back to Spain and continued making movies and travelling to Paris. He was hired by Paramount as dubbing director in Spain. When the Spanish Civil War started, he was forced to leave the country and moved to Geneva and Paris. He went back to Hollywood in 1938 and developed his career in Mexico and Paris at the same time. He went to Spain in 1970 and filmed "Tristana" (1970). He kept going to Spain until the eighties. He died in Mexico in 1983.

Due to the originality of his movies and to the critics, he recieved many awards and nominations. He won the Oscar for Best Foreign Language Film for "The Discreet Charm of the Bourgeoisie" (1972), also nominated to the Oscar for Best Original Screenplay, and with "That Obscure Object of Desire" (1977) he was nominated to another Oscar for Best Writing Adapted Screenplay.

Spanish Civil War, 1936-1939

Date of the event: 1936 - 1939



París (Francia) between 1925 and 1930




es un/es una:




Related Authorities

Aguayo, José F. (1911-1999)  ( Colabora con )

Associative relations :

Alberti, Rafael (1902-1999)  ( Es colega/ amigo de )

Alcoriza, Luis (1918-1992)  ( Colabora con )

Altolaguirre, Manuel (1905-1959)  ( Es colega/ amigo de )

Amérigo Marín, Federico (1911-1971)  ( Colabora con; Colaboran profesionalmente. )

Ángeles Ortiz, Manuel (1895-1984)  ( Colabora con )

Bayona, Pilar (1897-1979)  ( Es colega/ amigo de )

Bello, Pepín (1904-2008)  ( Es colega/ amigo de )

Braunberger, Pierre (1905-1990)  ( Colabora con )

Carrière, Jean-Claude (1931-)  ( Colabora con )

Chaplin, Charles (1889-1977)  ( Es colega/ amigo de )

Cirlot, Juan-Eduardo (1916-1973)  ( Es colega/ amigo de )

Comas Camps, Juan (1900-1979)  ( Es colega/ amigo de )

Contreras Torres, Miguel (1899-1981)  ( Colabora con )

Dalí, Salvador (1904-1989)  ( Es colega/ amigo de )

Deray, Jacques (1929-2003)  ( Tiene como aprendiz a/ es maestro de/ es jefe de )

Dorronsoro Dorronsoro, Carmen (1909-?)  ( Colabora con )

Durán Martínez, Gustavo (1906-1969)

Eisenstein, Serguéi (1898-1948)

García Lorca, Federico (1898-1936)  ( Es colega/ amigo de )

Gómez de la Serna, Ramón (1888-1963)  ( Es colega/ amigo de )

Guillén, Jorge (1893-1984)  ( Es colega/ amigo de; Se conocen en la Residencia de Estudiantes. )

Hakim, Robert (1907-1992)

Hernández Bretón, Luis (1909-1992)  ( Colabora con )

Jiménez, Juan Ramón (1881-1958)  ( Es colega/ amigo de )

Lozano, Margarita (1931-2022)  ( Colabora con )

Mantecón, José Ignacio (1902-1982)  ( Es colega/ amigo de )

Mariné, Juan (1920-)  ( Colabora con )

Martínez Baena, Carlos (1899-1971)  ( Colabora con )

Méndez, Concha (1898-1986)  ( Es novio/a de ; Mantiene una relación de noviazgo durante cinco años. )

Méndez Martínez, Rafael (1906-1991)  ( Es colega/ amigo de )

Mengelberg, Willem (1871-1951)  ( Colabora con )

Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Studios, Inc. (Estados Unidos)  ( Es empleado en/trabaja en )

Miravitlles, Jaume (1906-1988)  ( Colabora con )

Paramount Pictures Corporation (Estados Unidos)  ( Es empleado en/trabaja en )

Pittaluga, Gustavo (1906-1975)  ( Colabora con )

Remacha, Fernando (1898-1984)  ( Colabora con )

Residencia de Estudiantes (Madrid, España)  ( Es miembro de )

Ugarte Pagés, Eduardo (1900-1955)  ( Colabora con )

Urgoiti, Ricardo (1900-1979)  ( Colabora con )

Velo, Carlos (1909-1988)  ( Es colega/ amigo de )

Warner Bros Entertainment, Inc. (Estados Unidos)  ( Es empleado en/trabaja en )

Family relationships :

Buñuel, Juan Luis (1934-2017)  - Progenitor (Es padre de)

See successors

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Fichero de Autoridades:

Biblioteca Nacional de España