Luis Buñuel
Person - Buñuel, Luis (1900-1983)

Buñuel, Luis (1900-1983)




Preferred form:

Buñuel, Luis (1900-1983)Other forms

Dates of existence/Biographical dates:

1900-02-22 - 1983-07-29


Luis Buñuel was a Spanish scriptwriter and film director, father of the cinematographic surrealism. Buñuel was born in Calanda but moved to Madrid in 1917 in order to study. He settled in the student's residence, where he entered the intelectual world and met Salvador Dalí, Federico García Lorca, Juan Ramón Jiménez y Rafael Albert, among other outstanding people. He began interesting in dadaism and Louis Aragon and André Bretón's work. These people made him to go to Paris when he finished his studies so he could attend intelectual and surrealist movement chats. When Bueñuel watched a Fritz Lang's movie, "Destiny" (1921), he decided to work in the cinema industry. He also met his wife in Paris, Jeanne Rucar, who he got married and had two sons with: Juan Luis and Rafael. He began working in cinema as director assistant of Jean Epstein, and made his first short film with Salvador Dalí: "An Andalusian Dog" (1929). From that moment, he was admitted inside the surrealist group, along with Max Ernst, André Breton, Tristan Tzara, Magritte and Louis Aragon.

In 1930, Buñuel went to Hollywood, hired by the Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer, in order to know and learn the production system they worked with. He met there the famous Charles Chaplin and Serguéi Eisenstein. In 1931, when the Spanish Second Republic was about to be proclaimed, he went back to Spain and continued making movies and travelling to Paris. He was hired by Paramount as dubbing director in Spain. When the Spanish Civil War started, he was forced to leave the country and moved to Geneva and Paris. He went back to Hollywood in 1938 and developed his career in Mexico and Paris at the same time. He went to Spain in 1970 and filmed "Tristana" (1970). He kept going to Spain until the eighties. He died in Mexico in 1983.

Due to the originality of his movies and to the critics, he recieved many awards and nominations. He won the Oscar for Best Foreign Language Film for "The Discreet Charm of the Bourgeoisie" (1972), also nominated to the Oscar for Best Original Screenplay, and with "That Obscure Object of Desire" (1977) he was nominated to another Oscar for Best Writing Adapted Screenplay.

Spanish Civil War, 1936-1939

Date of the event: 1936 - 1939



Paris between 1925 and 1930




He/She is a:


Related Authorities

Aguayo, José F. (1911-1999)  ( He/She/It collaborated with )

Associative relations :

Alberti, Rafael (1902-1999)  ( He/She is friend with )

Alcoriza, Luis (1918-1992)  ( He/She/It collaborated with )

Altolaguirre, Manuel (1905-1959)  ( He/She is friend with )

Amérigo Marín, Federico (1911-1971)  ( He/She/It collaborated with; Colaboran profesionalmente. )

Bello, Pepín (1904-2008)  ( He/She is friend with )

Braunberger, Pierre (1905-1990)  ( He/She/It collaborated with )

Carrière, Jean-Claude (1931-)  ( He/She/It collaborated with )

Chaplin, Charles (1889-1977)  ( He/She is friend with )

Cirlot, Juan-Eduardo (1916-1973)  ( He/She is friend with )

Comas Camps, Juan (1900-1979)  ( He/She is friend with )

Contreras Torres, Miguel (1899-1981)  ( He/She/It collaborated with )

Dalí, Salvador (1904-1989)  ( He/She is friend with )

Deray, Jacques (1929-2003)  ( He/She is the tutor/teacher/boss of )

Dorronsoro Dorronsoro, Carmen (1909-?)  ( He/She/It collaborated with )

Durán Martínez, Gustavo (1906-1969)

García Lorca, Federico (1898-1936)  ( He/She is friend with )

Gómez de la Serna, Ramón (1888-1963)  ( He/She is friend with )

Guillén, Jorge (1893-1984)  ( He/She is friend with; Se conocen en la Residencia de Estudiantes. )

Hakim, Robert (1907-1992)

Jiménez, Juan Ramón (1881-1958)  ( He/She is friend with )

Mantecón, José Ignacio (1902-1982)  ( He/She is friend with )

Martínez Baena, Carlos (1899-1971)  ( He/She/It collaborated with )

Méndez, Concha (1898-1986)  ( He/she is the boyfriend/girlfriend of; Mantiene una relación de noviazgo durante cinco años. )

Méndez Martínez, Rafael (1906-1991)  ( He/She is friend with )

Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Studios, Inc. (Estados Unidos)  ( He/She works for )

Miravitlles, Jaume (1906-1988)  ( He/She/It collaborated with )

Paramount Pictures Corporation (Estados Unidos)  ( He/She works for )

Pittaluga, Gustavo (1906-1975)  ( He/She/It collaborated with )

Residencia de Estudiantes (Madrid, España)  ( He/She is a member of )

Ugarte Pagés, Eduardo (1900-1955)  ( He/She/It collaborated with )

Urgoiti, Ricardo (1900-1979)  ( He/She/It collaborated with )

Velo, Carlos (1909-1988)  ( He/She is friend with )

Warner Bros Entertainment, Inc. (Estados Unidos)  ( He/She works for )

Family relationships :

Buñuel, Juan Luis (1934-2017)  - Progenitor (He is the father of)

See successors

External Links

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Catálogo de Autoridades:


Catálogo de Autoridades:


Fichero de Autoridades:

Biblioteca Nacional de Espa¿a


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