Person - Lorenzo Bautista, José Luis (1921-1997)

Lorenzo Bautista, José Luis (1921-1997)




Preferred form:

Lorenzo Bautista, José Luis (1921-1997)

Dates of existence/Biographical dates:

Madrid (España)  1921-08-18 - Ciudad de México (México)  1997-07-23


Spanish anthropologist and archeologist that exiled in Mexico. He was the only child of María del Carmen Bauista and José Lorenzo, journalist bound to the Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) political activities, private secretary of architect Bernardo Giner de los Ríos and Minister of Public Works and Transport during the Republic.

He studied in the International Institute of Madrid but the Spanish Civil War forced his family to change their home many times. In 1937, José Luis was already a member of the Unified Socialist Youth and the "Federación Universitaria Escolar". He left Barcelona and moved with his uncle Andrés to Marseille, where he joined a clandestine republican trend focused on food and weapons contraband.

When the war was over, his family decided to exile. They obtained in Paris the papers that allowed them to go to Mexico as refugees. They arrived to Veracruz the 18th April 1939 on board "Flandre" ship, and then went to Mexico City the 25th April. During his first years of exile, Joés Luis had different jobs and tried to finish the higher secondary-education course, first in the "Instituto Hispano-Mexicano Juan Ruíz de Alarcón" and, later, thanks to the economic aid of a republican organizaction, in the "Academia Hispano Mexicana". He was granted a scholarship to study Biochemistry in the National Polytechnic Institute, but his family's difficult situation forced him to quit studying and look for a job.

However, he resumed his studies by joinig in 1945 the National School of Anthropology and History (ENAH) and studying Archelogy. He became Mexican citizen in 1947. He was granted several scholarships in different institutions and worked as teacher since 1952 until 1971 in the ENAH. Later on, he worked in the Ibero-American University, as archeologist in the "Instituto de Antropología" and also directed different institutions focused on the Mexican Heritage Protection since 1976 until his retirement.

Spanish Civil War, 1936-1939

Date of the event: 1936 - 1939




Barcelona (España) between 1936 and 1937

Place of arrival:

Veracruz (México) in 1939-04-18

Lugar de Nacimiento:

Madrid (España) in 1921-08-18

Lugar de Defunción:

Ciudad de México (México) in 1997-07-23



. Pla Brugat, Dolores. Catálogo del fondo de historia oral : refugiados españoles en México : Archivo de la Palabra. 1ª ed.. Dolores Pla Brugat (coordinadora). México D.F.: Instituto Nacional de Antropología e Historia. 2011. 1 CD-ROM. 978-607-484-184-8.

José Luis Lorenzo: Una Vida en el Exilio. CSIC. 1997. Trabajos de Prehistoria. 54.Nº1. Pérez Gollán, J. A..

Related Authorities

Temporary relationships :

Giner de los Ríos García, Bernardo (1888-1970)  - Contemporary (Su padre, José Lorenzo Martínez, ejerce de secretario privado.)

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